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By Randall Fulton, Roy Vandermolen. 2014
Written by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) consultant designated engineering representative (DER) and an electronics hardware design engineer who together…taught the DO-254 class at the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, Inc. (RTCA) in Washington, District of Columbia, USA, Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance: A Practitioner's Guide to RTCA/DO-254 is a testimony to the lessons learned and wisdom gained from many years of first-hand experience in the design, verification, and approval of airborne electronic hardware. This practical guide to the use of RTCA/DO-254 in the development of airborne electronic hardware for safety critical airborne applications: Describes how to optimize engineering processes and practices to harmonize with DO-254 Addresses the single most problematic aspect of engineering and compliance to DO-254—poorly written requirements Includes a tutorial on how to write requirements that will minimize the cost and effort of electronic design and verification Discusses the common pitfalls encountered by practitioners of DO-254, along with how those pitfalls occur and what can be done about them Settles the ongoing debate and misconceptions about the true definition of a derived requirement Promotes embracing DO-254 as the best means to achieve compliance to it, as well as the best path to high-quality electronic hardware Airborne Electronic Hardware Design Assurance: A Practitioner's Guide to RTCA/DO-254 offers real-world insight into RTCA/DO-254 and how its objectives can be satisfied. It provides engineers with valuable information that can be applied to any project to make compliance to DO-254 as easy and problem-free as possible.
Embedded and Networking Systems: Design, Software, and Implementation (Devices, Circuits, and Systems #18)
By GUL N. KHAN AND KRZYSZTOF INIEWSKI. 2014
Embedded and Networking Systems: Design, Software, and Implementation explores issues related to the design and synthesis of high-performance embedded computer…systems and networks. The emphasis is on the fundamental concepts and analytical techniques that are applicable to a range of embedded and networking applications, rather than on specific embedded architectures, software development, or system-level integration. This system point of view guides designers in dealing with the trade-offs to optimize performance, power, cost, and other system-level non-functional requirements. The book brings together contributions by researchers and experts from around the world, offering a global view of the latest research and development in embedded and networking systems. Chapters highlight the evolution and trends in the field and supply a fundamental and analytical understanding of some underlying technologies. Topics include the co-design of embedded systems, code optimization for a variety of applications, power and performance trade-offs, benchmarks for evaluating embedded systems and their components, and mobile sensor network systems. The book also looks at novel applications such as mobile sensor systems and video networks. A comprehensive review of groundbreaking technology and applications, this book is a timely resource for system designers, researchers, and students interested in the possibilities of embedded and networking systems. It gives readers a better understanding of an emerging technology evolution that is helping drive telecommunications into the next decade.
High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques (Devices, Circuits, and Systems #35)
By Ahmet Tekin, Ahmed Emira. 2014
High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques introduces novel traveling wave circuit techniques to boost the performance of high-speed circuits…in standard low-cost production technologies, like complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS). A valuable resource for experienced analog/radio frequency (RF) circuit designers as well as undergraduate-level microelectronics researchers, this book: Explains the basics of high-speed signaling, such as transmission lines, distributed signaling, impedance matching, and other common practical RF background material Promotes a dual-loop coupled traveling wave oscillator topology, the trigger mode distributed wave oscillator, as a high-frequency multiphase signal source Introduces a force-based starter mechanism for dual-loop, even-symmetry, multiphase traveling wave oscillators, presenting a single-loop version as a force mode distributed wave antenna (FMDWA) Describes higher-frequency, passive inductive, and quarter-wave-length-based pumped distributed wave oscillators (PDWOs) Examines phased-array transceiver architectures and front-end circuits in detail, along with distributed oscillator topologies Devotes a chapter to THz sensing, illustrating a unique method of traveling wave frequency multiplication and power combining Discusses various data converter topologies, such as digital-to-analog converters (DACs), analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), and GHz-bandwidth sigma-delta modulators Covers critical circuits including phase rotators and interpolators, phase shifters, phase-locked loops (PLLs), delay-locked loops (DLLs), and more It is a significantly challenging task to generate and distribute high-speed clocks. Multiphase low-speed clocks with sharp transition are proposed to be a better option to accommodate the desired timing resolution. High Frequency Communication and Sensing: Traveling-Wave Techniques provides new horizons in the quest for greater speed and performance.
By Shafiullah Khan, Al-Sakib Khan Pathan, Nabil Ali Alrajeh. 2012
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) utilize fast, cheap, and effective applications to imitate the human intelligence capability of sensing on a…wider distributed scale. But acquiring data from the deployment area of a WSN is not always easy and multiple issues arise, including the limited resources of sensor devices run with one-time batteries. Additi
As software R&D investment increases, the benefits from short feedback cycles using technologies such as continuous deployment, experimentation-based development, and…multidisciplinary teams require a fundamentally different strategy and process. This book will cover the three overall challenges that companies are grappling with: speed, data and ecosystems. Speed deals with shortening the cycle time in R&D. Data deals with increasing the use of and benefit from the massive amounts of data that companies collect. Ecosystems address the transition of companies from being internally focused to being ecosystem oriented by analyzing what the company is uniquely good at and where it adds value.
By Mark Girolami, Simon Rogers. 2016
"A First Course in Machine Learning by Simon Rogers and Mark Girolami is the best introductory book for ML currently…available. It combines rigor and precision with accessibility, starts from a detailed explanation of the basic foundations of Bayesian analysis in the simplest of settings, and goes all the way to the frontiers of the subject such as infinite mixture models, GPs, and MCMC."—Devdatt Dubhashi, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University, Sweden "This textbook manages to be easier to read than other comparable books in the subject while retaining all the rigorous treatment needed. The new chapters put it at the forefront of the field by covering topics that have become mainstream in machine learning over the last decade."—Daniel Barbara, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA "The new edition of A First Course in Machine Learning by Rogers and Girolami is an excellent introduction to the use of statistical methods in machine learning. The book introduces concepts such as mathematical modeling, inference, and prediction, providing ‘just in time’ the essential background on linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory that the reader needs to understand these concepts."—Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Aalborg University Esbjerg, Denmark "I was impressed by how closely the material aligns with the needs of an introductory course on machine learning, which is its greatest strength…Overall, this is a pragmatic and helpful book, which is well-aligned to the needs of an introductory course and one that I will be looking at for my own students in coming months."—David Clifton, University of Oxford, UK "The first edition of this book was already an excellent introductory text on machine learning for an advanced undergraduate or taught masters level course, or indeed for anybody who wants to learn about an interesting and important field of computer science. The additional chapters of advanced material on Gaussian process, MCMC and mixture modeling provide an ideal basis for practical projects, without disturbing the very clear and readable exposition of the basics contained in the first part of the book." —Gavin Cawley, Senior Lecturer, School of Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK "This book could be used for junior/senior undergraduate students or first-year graduate students, as well as individuals who want to explore the field of machine learning…The book introduces not only the concepts but the underlying ideas on algorithm implementation from a critical thinking perspective."—Guangzhi Qu, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
By Peter A. Hancock. 2009
Technology is our conduit of power. In our modern world, technology is the gatekeeper deciding who shall have and who…shall have not. Either technology works for you or you work for technology. It shapes the human race just as much as we shape it. But where is this symbiosis going? Who provides the directions, the intentions, the goals of this human-machine partnership? Such decisions do not derive from the creators of technology who are enmeshed in their individual innovations. They neither come from our social leaders who possess only sufficient technical understanding to react to innovations, not to anticipate or direct their progress. Neither is there evidence of some omnipotent 'invisible hand,' the simple fact is that no one is directing this enterprise. In Mind, Machine and Morality, Peter Hancock asks questions about this insensate progress and has the temerity to suggest some cognate answers. He argues for the unbreakable symbiosis of purpose and process, and examines the dangerous possibilities that emerge when science and purpose meet. Historically, this work is a modern-day child of Bacon's hope for the 'Great Instauration.' However, unlike its forebear, the focus here is on human-machine systems. The emphasis centers on the conception that the active, extensive face of modern philosophy is technology. Whatever we are to become is bound up not only in our biology but critically in our technology also. And to achieve rational progress we need to articulate manifest purpose. This book is one step along the purposive road. Drawing together his many seminal writings on human-machine interaction and adapting these works specifically for this collection, Peter Hancock provides real food for thought, delighting readers with his unique philosophical perspective and outstanding insights. This is theoretical work of the highest order and will open minds accordingly.
By James Ottavio Castagnera. 2013
The American legal profession and judicial system bear a unique responsibility to set and maintain the balance between defending homeland…security and protecting the civil liberties outlined in the Bill of Rights. These competing interests will continue to collide as the threats to our safety grow. Exploring the most significant terrorist cases of
By Suliman Hawamdeh and Hsia-Ching Chang. 2018
The process of transforming data into actionable knowledge is a complex process that requires the use of powerful machines and…advanced analytics technique. Analytics and Knowledge Management examines the role of analytics in knowledge management and the integration of big data theories, methods, and techniques into an organizational knowledge management framework. Its chapters written by researchers and professionals provide insight into theories, models, techniques, and applications with case studies examining the use of analytics in organizations. The process of transforming data into actionable knowledge is a complex process that requires the use of powerful machines and advanced analytics techniques. Analytics, on the other hand, is the examination, interpretation, and discovery of meaningful patterns, trends, and knowledge from data and textual information. It provides the basis for knowledge discovery and completes the cycle in which knowledge management and knowledge utilization happen. Organizations should develop knowledge focuses on data quality, application domain, selecting analytics techniques, and on how to take actions based on patterns and insights derived from analytics. Case studies in the book explore how to perform analytics on social networking and user-based data to develop knowledge. One case explores analyze data from Twitter feeds. Another examines the analysis of data obtained through user feedback. One chapter introduces the definitions and processes of social media analytics from different perspectives as well as focuses on techniques and tools used for social media analytics. Data visualization has a critical role in the advancement of modern data analytics, particularly in the field of business intelligence and analytics. It can guide managers in understanding market trends and customer purchasing patterns over time. The book illustrates various data visualization tools that can support answering different types of business questions to improve profits and customer relationships. This insightful reference concludes with a chapter on the critical issue of cybersecurity. It examines the process of collecting and organizing data as well as reviewing various tools for text analysis and data analytics and discusses dealing with collections of large datasets and a great deal of diverse data types from legacy system to social networks platforms.
By Bassem R. Mahafza. 2017
Introduction to Radar Analysis, Second Edition is a major revision of the popular textbook. It is written within the context…of communication theory as well as the theory of signals and noise. By emphasizing principles and fundamentals, the textbook serves as a vital source for students and engineers. Part I bridges the gap between communication, signal analysis, and radar. Topics include modulation techniques and associated Continuous Wave (CW) and pulsed radar systems. Part II is devoted to radar signal processing and pulse compression techniques. Part III presents special topics in radar systems including radar detection, radar clutter, target tracking, phased arrays, and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). Many new exercise are included and the author provides comprehensive easy-to-follow mathematical derivations of all key equations and formulas. The author has worked extensively for the U.S. Army, the U.S. Space and Missile Command, and other military agencies. This is not just a textbook for senior level and graduates students, but a valuable tool for practicing radar engineers. Features Authored by a leading industry radar professional. Comprehensive up-to-date coverage of radar systems analysis issues. Easy to follow mathematical derivations of all equations and formulas Numerous graphical plots and table format outputs. One part of the book is dedicated to radar waveforms and radar signal processing.
By Michael Blaha. 2010
Best-selling author and database expert with more than 25 years of experience modeling application and enterprise data, Dr. Michael Blaha…provides tried and tested data model patterns, to help readers avoid common modeling mistakes and unnecessary frustration on their way to building effective data models. Unlike the typical methodology book, Patterns of Data Modeling provides advanced techniques for those who have mastered the basics. Recognizing that database representation sets the path for software, determines its flexibility, affects its quality, and influences whether it succeeds or fails, the text focuses on databases rather than programming. It is one of the first books to apply the popular patterns perspective to database systems and data models. It offers practical advice on the core aspects of applications and provides authoritative coverage of mathematical templates, antipatterns, archetypes, identity, canonical models, and relational database design.
By Nilanjan Dey, Amartya Mukherjee. 2016
Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open-Source Tools provides easy-to-understand and easy-to-implement guidance for rapid prototype development. Designed for readers unfamiliar…with advanced computing technologies, this highly accessible book: Describes several cutting-edge open-source software and hardware technologies Examines a number of embedded computer systems and their practical applications Includes detailed projects for applying rapid prototype development skills in real time Embedded Systems and Robotics with Open-Source Tools effectively demonstrates that, with the help of high-performance microprocessors, microcontrollers, and highly optimized algorithms, one can develop smarter embedded devices.
Metaverse and Immersive Technologies: An Introduction to Industrial, Business and Social Applications (Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing for Industrial Transformation)
By Sheng-Lung Peng, Sandeep Kumar Panda, S. Balamurugan, Chandrashekhar A, Shaik Himam Saheb. 2023
METAVERSE AND IMMERSIVE TECHNOLOGIES The book covers the multidimensional perspectives of the metaverse through the prism of virtual reality, augmented…reality, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and IoT, ranging from rudimentary to advanced applications. This book provides a thorough explanation of how the technology behind metaverse and other virtual reality technologies are changing the world. The primary objective is to present the revolutionary innovation of the 21st century—the metaverse—and exhibit its wide range of applications in different domains. Although blockchain and VR/AR were the first popularly known applications of the metaverse, several other applications also exist. While some still believe the metaverse is overhyped, in reality, it is transforming almost every industry—healthcare, 3D, 4D, industry, game industry, business management, artificial intelligence, and IoT, just to name a few. This technological breakthrough not only paved the way for virtual reality but also provided useful solutions for other areas of technology. The unique nature of the technology, which is a single, shared, immersive, persistent, 3D virtual space where humans experience life in ways not possible in the physical world, makes it suitable for all real-world applications; it has great potential to transform business, and companies are already in the race for different product offerings. Audience AI and computer science researchers, engineers and graduate students, IT personnel in business as well as entrepreneurs and policymakers.
By Luke Ahearn. 2016
The new edition of 3D Game Textures: Create Professional Game Art Using Photoshop features the most up-to-date techniques that allow…you to create your own unique textures, shaders, and materials. Revised to take new technology into account, it is an ideal hands-on resource for creating online worlds, simulations, web-based applications, and architectural visualization projects. Continuing the practical, no-nonsense approach of its predecessors, the fourth edition shows you how to advance your digital art skills with textures and shaders by exploring their interactions in single objects or entire scenes. It contains expanded coverage of shader nodes, and the companion website—www.lukeahearn.com/textures—has been updated to include video tutorials as well as updated sample textures, shaders, materials, actions, brushes, and all of the art from the book.
By Julio Sanchez, Maria P. Canton. 2006
From cell phones and television remote controls to automobile engines and spacecraft, microcontrollers are everywhere. Programming these prolific devices is…a much more involved and integrated task than it is for general-purpose microprocessors; microcontroller programmers must be fluent in application development, systems programming, and I/O operation as well as memory management and system timing. Using the popular and pervasive mid-range 8-bit Microchip PIC® as an archetype, Microcontroller Programming offers a self-contained presentation of the multidisciplinary tools needed to design and implement modern embedded systems and microcontrollers. The authors begin with basic electronics, number systems, and data concepts followed by digital logic, arithmetic, conversions, circuits, and circuit components to build a firm background in the computer science and electronics fundamentals involved in programming microcontrollers.For the remainder of the book, they focus on PIC architecture and programming tools and work systematically through programming various functions, modules, and devices. Helpful appendices supply the full mid-range PIC instruction set as well as additional programming solutions, a guide to resistor color codes, and a concise method for building custom circuit boards.Providing just the right mix of theory and practical guidance, Microcontroller Programming: The Microchip PIC® is the ideal tool for any amateur or professional designing and implementing stand-alone systems for a wide variety of applications.
By John C. Russ, F. Brent Neal. 2012
"John Russ is the master of explaining how image processing gets applied to real-world situations. With Brent Neal, he’s done…it again in Measuring Shape, this time explaining an expanded toolbox of techniques that includes useful, state-of-the-art methods that can be applied to the broad problem of understanding, characterizing, and measuring shape. He has a gift for finding the kernel of a particular algorithm, explaining it in simple terms, then giving concrete examples that are easily understood. His perspective comes from solving real-world problems and separating out what works in practice from what is just an abstract curiosity." —Tom Malzbender, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto, California, USA Useful for those working in fields including industrial quality control, research, and security applications, Measuring Shape is a handbook for the practical application of shape measurement. Covering a wide range of shape measurements likely to be encountered in the literature and in software packages, this book presents an intentionally diverse set of examples that illustrate and enable readers to compare methods used for measurement and quantitative description of 2D and 3D shapes. It stands apart through its focus on examples and applications, which help readers quickly grasp the usefulness of presented techniques without having to approach them through the underlying mathematics. An elusive concept, shape is a principal governing factor in determining the behavior of objects and structures. Essential to recognizing and classifying objects, it is the central link in manmade and natural processes. Shape dictates everything from the stiffness of a construction beam, to the ability of a leaf to catch water, to the marketing and packaging of consumer products. This book emphasizes techniques that are quantitative and produce a meaningful yet compact set of numerical values that can be used for statistical analysis, comparison, correlation, classification, and identification. Written by two renowned authors from both industry and academia, this resource explains why users should select a particular method, rather than simply discussing how to use it. Showcasing each process in a clear, accessible, and well-organized way, they explore why a particular one might be appropriate in a given situation, yet a poor choice in another. Providing extensive examples, plus full mathematical descriptions of the various measurements involved, they detail the advantages and limitations of each method and explain the ways they can be implemented to discover important correlations between shape and object history or behavior. This uncommon assembly of information also includes sets of data on real-world objects that are used to compare the performance and utility of the various presented approaches.
By Shigeru Kawai. 2005
As we reach the data transmission limits of copper wire and communications experts seek to bring the speed of long-haul…fiber optics networks closer to access points, optical interconnects promise to provide efficient, high-speed data transmission for the next generation of networks and systems. They offer higher bit-rates, virtually no crosstalk, lower demands on power requirements and thermal management, and the possibility of two-dimensional channel arrays for chip-to-chip communication.The Handbook of Optical Interconnects introduces the systems and devices that will bring the speed and quality of optical transmission closer to the circuit board. Contributed by active experts, most from leading technology companies in the US and Japan, this outstanding handbook details various low-cost and small-size configurations, illustrates the discussion with more than 300 figures, and offers a look at the applications and future of this exciting and rapidly growing field. The book includes a detailed introduction to vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs); the use of optical interconnects in metropolitan, local-area, and access networks through FTTP (FTTH); and Jisso technologies, which are critical for developing low-cost, small-size modules.Driving down the size and cost of optical interconnects is vital for integrating these technologies into the network and onto microprocessors, and the Handbook of Optical Interconnects provides the knowledge and tools necessary to accomplish these goals.
By Gonzalo R. Arce, Daniel L. Lau. 2008
The late 1980s, revolutionary advances in digital halftoning enabled inkjet printers to achieve much higher image fidelity. The rapid rate…of progress has resulted in numerous breakthroughs scattered throughout the literature, rendering old technologies obsolete and renewing the need for a centralized source on the current state of the art. Entirely revised and updated, Modern Digital Halftoning, Second Edition provides an integrated and up-to-date treatment of stochastic halftoning and digital printing. Using full-color illustrations to enhance the text, this edition incorporates new topics as well as updated models, algorithms, and methods used to construct and improve the quality of green-noise, blue-noise, and multitone images. Following a review of various halftoning techniques, this edition now covers amplitude modulated dither arrays, adapting to human visual models, direct binary search, and handling stochastic moiré problems. It also presents a new chapter on lenticular printing, a means for printing color holographic images. Accompanying downloadable resources contain MATLAB® software files and illustrated examples employing algorithms, statistics, and other key concepts from the book. Documenting the development of digital printing since the first edition, Modern Digital Halftoning, Second Edition offers a well-rounded and accurate perspective on the technological capabilities of digital printing and provides all the necessary tools for continuing research in the field.
By Lizhe Wang, Rajiv Ranjan, Jinjun Chen and Boualem Benatallah. 2011
Cloud computing has created a shift from the use of physical hardware and locally managed software-enabled platforms to that of…virtualized cloud-hosted services. Cloud assembles large networks of virtual services, including hardware (CPU, storage, and network) and software resources (databases, message queuing systems, monitoring systems, and load-balancers). As Cloud continues to revolutionize applications in academia, industry, government, and many other fields, the transition to this efficient and flexible platform presents serious challenges at both theoretical and practical levels—ones that will often require new approaches and practices in all areas. Comprehensive and timely, Cloud Computing: Methodology, Systems, and Applications summarizes progress in state-of-the-art research and offers step-by-step instruction on how to implement it. Summarizes Cloud Developments, Identifies Research Challenges, and Outlines Future Directions Ideal for a broad audience that includes researchers, engineers, IT professionals, and graduate students, this book is designed in three sections: Fundamentals of Cloud Computing: Concept, Methodology, and Overview Cloud Computing Functionalities and Provisioning Case Studies, Applications, and Future Directions It addresses the obvious technical aspects of using Cloud but goes beyond, exploring the cultural/social and regulatory/legal challenges that are quickly coming to the forefront of discussion. Properly applied as part of an overall IT strategy, Cloud can help small and medium business enterprises (SMEs) and governments in optimizing expenditure on application-hosting infrastructure. This material outlines a strategy for using Cloud to exploit opportunities in areas including, but not limited to, government, research, business, high-performance computing, web hosting, social networking, and multimedia. With contributions from a host of internationally recognized researchers, this reference delves into everything from necessary changes in users’ initial mindset to actual physical requirements for the successful integration of Cloud into existing in-house infrastructure. Using case studies throughout to reinforce concepts, this book also addresses recent advances and future directions in methodologies, taxonomies, IaaS/SaaS, data management and processing, programming models, and applications.
By William S. Davis, David C. Yen. 1998
The Information System Consultant's Handbook familiarizes systems analysts, systems designers, and information systems consultants with underlying principles, specific documentation, and…methodologies.Corresponding to the primary stages in the systems development life cycle, the book divides into eight sections:PrinciplesInformation Gathering and Problem DefinitionProject Planning and Project ManagementSystems AnalysisIdentifying AlternativesComponent DesignTesting and ImplementationOperation and MaintenanceEighty-two chapters comprise the book, and each chapter covers a single tool, technique, set of principles, or methodology. The clear, concise narrative, supplemented with numerous illustrations and diagrams, makes the material accessible for readers - effectively outlining new and unfamiliar analysis and design topics.