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By Angela Kallhoff. 2021
This book develops a theory of climate cooperation designed for concerted action, which emphasises the role and function of collectives…in achieving shared climate goals. In debates on climate change action, research focuses on three major goals: on mitigation, on adaptation and on transformation. Even though these goals are accepted, concerted action is still difficult to realize. Climate Justice and Collective Action provides an analysis of why this is the case and develops a theory of climate cooperation designed to overcome the existing roadblocks. Angela Kallhoff starts with a thorough analysis of failures of collective action in the context of climate change action. Taking inspiration from theories of water cooperation, she then establishes a theory of joint action that reframes climate goals as shared goals and highlights the importance of adhering to principles of fairness. This also includes an exploration of the normative claims working in the background of climate cooperation. Finally, Kallhoff puts forward proposals for a fair allocation of duties to cooperate with respect to climate goals. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of climate action, climate justice, environmental sociology and environmental philosophy and ethics more broadly.
By Debabrata Das, Soumya Pandit. 2021
Industrial Biotechnology offers a comprehensive overview of biochemical processes, technologies, and practical applications of industrial biotechnology. The work comprises of…chapters that discuss medium preparation, inoculum preparation using industrial strain and upstream processing, various fermentation processes, and physico-chemical separation processes for the purification of products and packaging. Analyzes problems within biochemical processes Discusses stoichiometry of bioprocesses Covers upstream and downstream processing Offers a wealth of case studies of different biochemical production processes, including those in development of food products, vaccines and medicines, single cell proteins, amino acids, cheese, biodiesel, biopesticides, and more This book is aimed at advanced students, industrial practitioners, and researchers in biotechnology, food engineering, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering.
By Asta Mikalauskiene, Dalia Štreimikienė. 2021
Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Mitigation and Adaptation focuses on the link between climate change threats and sustainable development goals.…This book analyzes the polices of climate change mitigation and adaptation from an economic point of view by addressing globalization, international trade, and business opportunities and challenges. Based on extended research on energy, transportation, agriculture, and more, the case studies included in this book present business opportunities linked to mitigation and adaptation actions; from European Union greenhouse gas emission trading to climate change adaptation policies in developing countries. It presents a framework for the harmonization of climate and sustainable development policies and their mutual outcomes. Specific features: The first book to address main scientific aspects of climate change mitigation and sustainable development and how to deal with these main challenges in a harmonized way Provides practical examples of policies and business development opportunities linked with climate change mitigation and adaptation Analyses climate change challenges and provides implications for business development and good practice case studies from Europe Discusses issues of climate change at different scales ranging from macro to micro level Highlights the importance of climate change adaptation for developing countries, migration trends, city developments and agriculture As the threat of climate change grows ever more present, resources like this book, that provide and discuss necessary solutions and frameworks for ways to deal with and mitigate that threat become ever more essential. This book is a vital resource for academics, students, and professionals in any field seeking to deal with the threats from climate change, and particularly those relating to environmental and climate sciences, as well as those in political and economic fields.
Space Physics and Aeronomy, Space Weather Effects and Applications (Geophysical Monograph Series #262)
By Yongliang Zhang, Larry J. Paxton. 2021
Examines how solar and terrestrial space phenomena affect sophisticated technological systems Contemporary society relies on sophisticated technologies to manage electricity…distribution, communication networks, transportation safety, and myriad other systems. The successful design and operation of both ground-based and space-based systems must consider solar and terrestrial space phenomena and processes. Space Weather Effects and Applications describes the effects of space weather on various present-day technologies and explores how improved instrumentation to measure Earth's space environment can be used to more accurately forecast changes and disruptions. Volume highlights include: Damage and disruption to orbiting satellite equipment by solar particles and cosmic rays Effects of space radiation on aircraft at high altitudes and latitudes Response of radio and radar-based systems to solar bursts Disturbances to the propagation of radio waves caused by space weather How geomagnetic field changes impact ground-based systems such as pipelines Impacts of human exposure to the space radiation environment The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.
By Federico Castillo, Michael Wehner, Dáithí A. Stone. 2021
An authoritative volume focusing on multidisciplinary methods to estimate the impacts of climate-related extreme events to society As the intensity and…frequency of extreme events related to climate change continue to increase, there is an urgent need for clear and cohesive analysis that integrates both climatological and socioeconomic impacts. Extreme Events and Climate Change provides a timely, multidisciplinary examination of the impacts of extreme weather under a warming climate. Offering wide-ranging coverage of the methods and analysis that relate changes in extreme events to their societal impacts, this volume helps readers understand and overcome the methodological challenges associated with extreme event analysis. Contributions from leading experts from across disciplines describe the theoretical requirements for analyzing the complex interactions between meteorological phenomena and the resulting outcomes, discuss new approaches for analyzing the impacts of extreme events on society, and illustrate how empirical and theoretical concepts merge to form a unified plan that enables informed decision making. Throughout the text, innovative frameworks allow readers to find solutions to the modeling and statistical challenges encountered when analyzing extreme events. Designed for researchers and policy makers alike, this important resource: Discusses topics central to understanding how extreme weather changes as the climate warms Provides coverage of analysis methods that relate changes in extreme events to their societal impacts Reviews significant theoretical and modeling advances in the physical aspects of climate science Presents a comprehensive view of state of the science, including new ways of using data from different sources Extreme Events and Climate Change: A Multidisciplinary Approach is an indispensable volume for students, researchers, scientists, and practitioners in fields such as hazard and risk analysis, climate change, atmospheric and ocean sciences, hydrology, geography, agricultural science, and environmental and space science.
By Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo, Morteza Nazari-Heris, Somayeh Asadi. 2021
This book discusses the optimal design and operation of multi-carrier energy systems, providing a comprehensive review of existing systems as…well as proposing new models. Chapters cover the theoretical background and application examples of interconnecting energy technologies such as combined heat and power plants, natural gas-fired power plants, power to gas technology, hydropower plants, and water desalination systems, taking into account the operational and technical constraints of each interconnecting element and the network constraint of each energy system. This book will be a valuable reference for power network and mechanical system professionals and engineers, electrical power engineering researchers and developers, and professionals from affiliated power system planning communities.Provides insight on the design and operation of multi-carrier energy systems;Covers both theoretical aspects and technical applications;Includes case studies to help apply concepts to real engineering situations.
By Ulrich A. Dietz, Guido Beldi, René H. Fortelny, Armin Wiegering. 2021
Die Techniken und Indikationen der offenen Hernienchirurgie werden systematisch und anschaulich von Experten aus dem ganzen deutschsprachigen Raum beschrieben und…durch eigens erstellte farbige Zeichnungen illustriert. Die Darstellung wendet sich an junge Fachärzte und Weiterbildungsassistenten, die sich mit den Therapiemöglichkeiten und den zahlreichen bewährten Operationsverfahren vertraut machen wollen, aber auch an erfahrene Hernienchirurgen, die ihr Wissen weiter vertiefen wollen. Nach einer Übersicht über Diagnostik und Therapiewahl werden für die verschiedenen Hernienformen die einzelnen Verfahren dargestellt, ergänzt durch Kommentare und Empfehlungen der Herausgeber. Im Anschluss wird zu den meistdiskutierten Themen im Bereich der offenen Hernienchirurgie der Wissensstand in kompakten Beiträgen zusammengefasst; ein Überblick über die offene Hernienversorgung in anderen Ländern schließt das Buch ab.
By Gündüz Ulusoy, Öncü Hazır. 2021
This textbook teaches the basic concepts and methods of project management, but also explains how to convert it to useful…results in practice. Project management offers a promising working area for theoretical and practical applications, and developing software and decision support systems (DSS). This book specifically focuses on project planning and control, with an emphasis on mathematical modeling. Models and algorithms establish a good starting point for students to study the relevant literature and support pursuing academic work in related fields. The book provides an introduction to theoretical concepts, and it also provides detailed explanations, application examples and case studies that deal with real life problems. The chapter topics include questions that underlie critical thinking, interpretation, analytics, and making comparisons. Learning outcomes are defined and the content of the book is structured in accordance with these goals. Chapter 1 begins by introducing the basic concepts, methods and processes of project management. Chapter 2 explores the fundamentals of organizing and managing projects from an organization’s perspective. Issues related to project team formation, role of project managers, and matrix organization are discussed. Chapter 3 is devoted to project modeling and planning. It explains how to collect proper data in order to perform an analysis and develop mathematical models. Chapter 4 introduces deterministic scheduling models, which can be used in constructing the time schedules. Models employing time-based and finance-based objectives are introduced. Chapter 5 focuses on the time/cost trade-off problem, explaining how to reduce the duration of some of the activities and therefore accelerate the project duration at the expense of additional costs. Chapter 6 introduces different resource management policies including resource portfolio management. Chapter 7 discusses models and methods of scheduling in case of uncertainty models and methods of scheduling in case of uncertainty. Chapter 8 highlights contract types and payment schedules. It explores identification and allocation of risk in contracts, project control issues, disputes and resolution management. Different models and decision support systems are presented in Chapter 9 in order to investigate client-contractor negotiations and the bidding process from different aspects. Chapter 10 covers monitoring and control, mainly the processes and methods behind them. Chapter 11 brings together qualitative and quantitative techniques with simulation and software applications. The design of a risk management process is introduced in detail and at the hand of a case study. Chapter 12 examines several models and approaches of uncertainty in project scheduling, dealing with various aspects of stochastic nature of the decision environment and robustness. Chapter 13 explains the mathematical formulation and solution procedures for resource constrained project scheduling. The project selection problem is inherently a multi-objective problem and is treated as such in Chapter 14. Several models and solution techniques including robust selection methods are introduced. Finally Chapter 15 evaluates recent approaches and promising research areas in project management including strategic project management, agile approaches, and data management in project modeling in the big data era.
By Xiaofeng Dai, Minaxi Sharma, Jieyin Chen. 2021
This book presents research on the challenges and potential of fungal contribution in agriculture for food substantiality. Research on fungi…plays an essential role in the improvement of biotechnologies which lead global sustainable food production. Use of fungal processes and products can bring increased sustainability through more efficient use of natural resources. Fungal inoculum, introduced into soil together with seed, can promote more robust plant growth through increasing plant uptake of nutrients and water, with plant robustness being of central importance in maintaining crop yields. Fungi are one of nature′s best candidates for the discovery of food ingredients, new drugs and antimicrobials. As fungi and their related biomolecules are increasingly characterized, they have turned into a subject of expanding significance. The metabolic versatility makes fungi interesting objects for a range of economically important food biotechnology and related applications. The potential of fungi for a more sustainable world must be realized to address global challenges of climate change, higher demands on natural resources.
By Igor V. Minin, Sergey Uchaikin, Alexander Rogachev, Oldřich Starý. 2021
This book presents recent developments and new directions in advanced control systems, together with new theoretical findings, industrial applications and…case studies on complex engineering systems, sensors, materials science, medicine, non-destructive testing and quality assurance. With a breakthrough in technology, the modern world is on the verge of new industrial revolution, at the stage of digital transformation when innovations from various industries collaborate and change each other. Innovations are the basis of the developed products and technologies. They are used to create new developments and advances as well as improve the state-of-the-art processes. However, the digital transformation both opens new opportunities and introduces additional risks. The successful industrial modernization is characterized by the combination of stable manufacturing regulatory structure with the new technological approaches of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Developments and advances of School of Non-Destructive Testing relate to technological trends in the areas of systems, decision making and control in the fields of aerospace systems, robotics and automation, power systems and sensor networks.
Advances in Simulation and Process Modelling: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Simulation and Process Modelling (ISSPM 2020) (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #1305)
By Quanmin Zhu, Yinong Chen, Feng Qiao, Yupeng Li, Zhiping Fan. 2021
This book gathers the selected papers from the Second International Symposium on Simulation and Process Modelling (ISSPM 2020), which was…held online on August 29-30, 2020, due to COVID-19 pandemic. The Symposium provides a forum in virtual presentation for scholars, researchers and practitioners who are interested in the modelling and simulation of business processes, production and industrial processes, service and administrative processes, and public sector processes to develop theory and practice of simulation and process modelling.
Integrating Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development: Addressing Challenges and Creating Opportunities (World Sustainability Series)
By Walter Leal Filho, Fernanda Frankenberger, Ubiratã Tortato. 2021
This book is a truly interdisciplinary publication, useful to scholars, social movements, practitioners and members of governmental agencies and private…companies, undertaking research and/or executing projects focusing on social responsibility and sustainability from across the world.Sustainable development has become a matter of central concern to both public institutions and enterprises. Indeed, for many companies, a due emphasis to environmental issues is not only positive from the point of view of environmental gains, but also to the image of the business. Often, but not always, this is reflected in the preparation of formal strategies and programmes, which entail their institutional strategies and visions. The wide area of social responsibility, often known as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), entails elements of social equality and environmental accountability, and eco-efficiency. Due to their complexity, the interrelations between social responsibility and sustainable development need to be better understood. There is also a real need to showcase successful examples of how public institutions and companies are handling their sustainability challenges. It is against this background that this book has been produced.
By John Bremner. 2021
This book covers intentional design aspects for combinations of drugs, single-molecule hybrids with potential or actual multiple actions, pro-drugs which could yield…multiple activity outcomes, and future possibilities. The approach of the book is interdisciplinary, and it provides greater understanding of the complex interplay of factors involved in the medicinal chemistry design and laboratory development of multiply active antibacterials. The scope of the book appeals to readers who are researching in the field of antibacterials using the approach of medicinal chemistry design and drug development.
This book investigates the production of public space in contemporary urban contexts as conditioned by the suffusion of urban life…with digital technologies. A “social production of technology” approach is taken to frame the digitally-mediated city as a communal social and cultural project. Acknowledging the multivalent and shifting nature of public space and the heterogeneity of the urban actors who form it, the “agency” of these different actors in appropriating digital technologies takes center stage. The dynamics of negotiations between regimes of control and impulses towards freedom and experimentation, the entanglement of the spatial commons and the digital commons, changes in the notions of what constitutes membership in a public or counterpublic, and evolving relationships between the various individuals and groups who share and constitute public space, are all revealed in different actors’ appropriation of digital technologies in the formation of public spaces and the conducting of public life in cities.The book is divided into two sections. Drawing on classic and contemporary scholars on public space, and on digital culture, Section I explores the implications of the convergence of these bodies of knowledge and lenses of critique and examination on the present urban condition, establishing a conceptual foundation upon which public space discourse is brought to bear on an interrogation of the “wired” or “mediated” city. Structured by the core concepts that underlie Hannah Arendt’s notion of agency in the constitution of the public sphere, Section II is devoted to discussing, and demonstrating through myriad concrete examples, how different “affordances” of digital technologies are implicated in the production of public space and in the interplay between urban governance and control, urban life and citizenship, and urban commodification. The topics in this book are of broad and current international relevance, and will appeal to scholars and students in architecture, urbanism, design, sociology, and digital culture.
By Dipankar Deb, Abhishek Rawat, Jatin Upadhyay. 2021
This book covers selected topics and methods for peripheral security, which are gaining attention nowadays. The book discusses the security…arrangement and methods for monitoring the inside/outside entry of peripheral areas that need to be secured. It relates to a periphery, often portable device (as well as the methods employed, and systems including such a peripheral device and a host central command device with which the local geographical command device communicates), enabling one or more security operations performed by the peripheral device. It also covers the security scenario of snow-prone areas in a remote location. It also elaborates how we can secure the person and devices in extremely cold conditions and rescue them. This book helps the researchers, academicians, and industry persons working in security areas to protect unauthentic entry in large scale areas that may be defense camps or civilian applications like large-sized bungalows, institutes, and organizations of national importance. The experimental results are in close conformance to the proposed methodologies.
This peer-reviewed book presents a comprehensive overview of the role space is playing in enabling Latin America to fulfill its…developmental aspirations. Following on from the highly acclaimed Part 1, it explains how space and its applications can be used to support the development of the full range and diversity of Latin America societies, while being driven by Latin American goals. The Latin American space sector is currently undergoing a phase of rapid and dynamic expansion, with new actors entering the field and with space applications increasingly being used to support the continent’s social, economic, and political development. All across Latin America, attention is shifting to space as a fundamental part of the continental development agenda, and the creation of a Latin American space agency is evidence of this. Additionally, while in recent years, significant advances in economic and social development have lifted many of Latin America’s people out of poverty, there is still much that needs to be done to fulfill the basic needs of the population and to afford them the dignity they deserve. To this end, space is already being employed in diverse fields of human endeavor to serve Latin America’s goals for its future, but there is still a need for further incorporation of space systems and data. This book will appeal to researchers, professionals and students in fields such as space studies, international relations, governance, and social and rural development.
The Underwater World for Digital Data Transmission (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)
By Nilanjan Dey, Parikshit N. Mahalle, Gitanjali R. Shinde, Pooja A. Shelar. 2021
This book covers all small details about Underwater Sensor Networks (UWSN). Researchers can use this book as a prerequisite before…starting any research on underwater networks or underwater applications. This book covers the introduction, challenges, different architectural models for UWSN, various attacks on UWSN, underwater applications, and networking layers. The target audience includes professors and students in engineering, and researchers and engineers working on marine applications. In academic level, the book is helpful for students having Networking and Information Security as elective subject and doing projects in Wireless Networks. It is also helpful for spostgraduates and Ph.D. researchers to learn basics of Underwater Sensor Networks.
Ecological Risk Management: For Conservation Biology and Ecotoxicology (Ecological Research Monographs)
By Hiroyuki Matsuda. 2021
This book introduces the theory and practice of ecological risk management. Using recent and live case studies in Japan, the…book explains the use of basic mathematical techniques in extinction risk, adaptive population management, avian collision risk in wind farms, potential biological removal for marine mammals, and ecological risk assessment of heavy metals. The focus of this book is on case studies of nature conservation in Japan, including internationally renowned topics of Japanese fisheries, Shiretoko World Heritage, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. It also covers the adaptive risk management of the new coronavirus disease.The book comprises four parts covering ecotoxicology, fisheries, wildlife management and conservation, and ecosystem-based management. It differs from other books in having its primary interest in human impacts on animals, plant, and ecosystems, while existing works in this area concentrate on the fate of toxic substances in the environments and their effects on humans. This book is unique in that it indicates various environmental issues that the theoretical ecology is potentially applicable without concentrating into any particular subject such as ecotoxicology or conservation biology. Primary readers are undergraduate/graduate students, staffs of environmental consultant companies and environmental NPOs, and journalists. Readers will find this book useful for its abundant information on case studies of ecological risk management and consensus building in Japan.
By Ankur Saxena, Shivani Chandra. 2021
This book reviews the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning in healthcare. It discusses integrating the principles of computer…science, life science, and statistics incorporated into statistical models using existing data, discovering patterns in data to extract the information, and predicting the changes and diseases based on this data and models. The initial chapters of the book cover the practical applications of artificial intelligence for disease prognosis & management. Further, the role of artificial intelligence and machine learning is discussed with reference to specific diseases like diabetes mellitus, cancer, mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Covid-19. The chapters provide working examples on how different types of healthcare data can be used to develop models and predict diseases using machine learning and artificial intelligence. The book also touches upon precision medicine, personalized medicine, and transfer learning, with the real examples. Further, it also discusses the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence for visualization, prediction, detection, and diagnosis of Covid -19. This book is a valuable source of information for programmers, healthcare professionals, and researchers interested in understanding the applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in healthcare.
InECCE2019: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Electrical, Control & Computer Engineering, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, 29th July 2019 (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering #632)
By Addie Irawan, Mohd Razali Daud, Ahmad Nor Kasruddin Nasir, Mohd Ashraf Ahmad, Muhammad Sharfi Najib, Yasmin Abdul Wahab, Nur Aqilah Othman, Nor Maniha Abd Ghani, Sabira Khatun, Raja Mohd Taufika Raja Ismail, Mohd Mawardi Saari, Ahmad Afif Mohd Faudzi. 2020
This book presents the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Electrical, Control & Computer Engineering 2019, held in Kuantan,…Pahang, Malaysia, on 29th July 2019. Consisting of two parts, it covers the conferences’ main foci: Part 1 discusses instrumentation, robotics and control, while Part 2 addresses electrical power systems. The book appeals to professionals, scientists and researchers with experience in industry.The conference provided a platform for professionals, scientists and researchers with experience in industry.