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Millimeter Wave Communication Systems: A Practical Guide To Design And Analysis In A System Context (IEEE Series on Digital & Mobile Communication #29)
By Kao-Cheng Huang, Zhaocheng Wang. 2011
The aim of this book is to present the modern design and analysis principles of millimeter-wave communication system for wireless…devices and to give postgraduates and system professionals the design insights and challenges when integrating millimeter wave personal communication system. Millimeter wave communication system are going to play key roles in modern gigabit wireless communication area as millimeter-wave industrial standards from IEEE, European Computer Manufacturing Association (ECMA) and Wireless High Definition (Wireless HD) Group, are on their way to the market. The book will review up-to-date research results and utilize numerous design and analysis for the whole system covering from Millimeter wave frontend to digital signal processing in order to address major topics in a high speed wireless system. This book emphasizes the importance and the requirements of high-gain antennas, low power transceiver, adaptive equalizer/modulation, channeling coding and adaptive multi-user detection for gigabit wireless communications. In addition, the book will include the updated research literature and patents in the topics of transceivers, antennas, MIMO, channel capacity, coding, equalizer, Modem and multi-user detection. Finally the application of these antennas will be discussed in light of different forthcoming wireless standards at V-band and E-band.
By Fai Fung, Ana Lopez, Mark New. 2011
The quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change on water availability and water resources management requires knowledge of climate,…hydro(geo)logical and water resources models, and particularly the relationships between each of them. This book brings together world experts on each of these aspects, distilling each complex topic into concise and easy to understand chapters, in which both the uses and limitations of modelling are explored. The book concludes with a set of case studies using real-life examples to illustrate the steps required and the problems that can be faced in assessing the potential impacts of climate change on water resource systems. For students, scientists, engineers and decision-makers alike, this book provides an invaluable and critical look at the information that is provided by climate models, and the ways it is used in modelling water systems. A key focus is the exploration of how uncertainties may accrue at each stage of an impacts assessment, and the reliability of the resulting information. The book is a practical guide to understanding the opportunities and pitfalls in the quantitative assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation in the water resource sector.
By Volker Beckmann, Chris Shrader. 2012
Active Galactic Nuclei This AGN textbook gives an overview on the current knowledge of the Active Galacitc Nuclei phenomenon. The…spectral energy distribution will be discussed, pointing out what can be observed in different wavebands. The different physical models are presented together with formula important for the understanding of AGN physics. Furthermore, the authors discuss the AGN with respect to its environment, host galaxy, feedback in galaxies and in clusters of galaxies, variability, etc. and finally the cosmological evolution of the AGN phenomenon. This book includes phenomena based on new results in the X-Ray and gamma-ray domain from new telescopes such as Chandra, XMM-Newton, the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope, and the VHE regime not mentioned so far in AGN books. Those and other new developments as well as simulations of AGN merging events and formations, enabled through latest super-computing capabilities. From the contents: The observational picture of AGN Radiative processes The central engine AGN types and unification AGN through the electromagnetic spectrum AGN variability Environment Quasars and cosmology Formation, evolution and the ultimate fate of AGN What we do not know (yet)
From Fossil Fuels to Low Carbon Energy Transition: New Regulatory Trends in Latin America (Energy, Climate and the Environment)
By Geoffrey Wood, Juan Felipe Neira-Castro. 2022
Focusing on five key themes - hydrocarbons, electricity, mining, social license to operate, and arbitration/dispute resolution- via in-depth country and regional case…studies, this book seeks to capture the contrasting and sometimes conflicting trends in energy governance in Latin America as it wrestles with a dependence on fossil fuels whilst shifting toward a low carbon future. Energy transition continues to sit at the centre of the Latin American policy debate as the world continues to push for carbon neutrality by 2050. Latin America is undergoing a renewable energy transition, with substantial reserves (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal) and many countries in the region setting ambitious renewable energy policies, laws, and regulations to address climate change. However, recent initiatives to promote renewables must be placed in context. Historically, Latin America has developed and improved its economic and social standards due primarily to an economy based on the extractive industries and fossil fuels. This places renewables at the crossroads of multiple drivers, as the region seek to ensure security of supply, attract investment, and facilitate a low carbon energy transition.
This book gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of computational engineering, as presented by leading international…researchers and engineers at the 27th International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences (ICCES), held online on January 8-12, 2022. ICCES covers all aspects of applied sciences and engineering: theoretical, analytical, computational, and experimental studies and solutions of problems in the physical, chemical, biological, mechanical, electrical, and mathematical sciences. As such, the book discusses highly diverse topics, including composites; bioengineering & biomechanics; geotechnical engineering; offshore & arctic engineering; multi-scale & multi-physics fluid engineering; structural integrity & longevity; materials design & simulation; and computer modeling methods in engineering. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations.
Innovations in Impact and Blast Protections: Foam-Filled Energy Absorbers and Steel-Concrete-Steel Sandwich Structures
By Yonghui Wang, Xudong Zhi, Ximei Zhai, Jiachuan Yan, Rong Zhang. 2023
This book develops several novel foam-filled structures and steel-concrete-steel (SCS) sandwich structures, which provides more alternatives for ensuring the safety…of buildings and infrastructures under extreme loading, like impact and blast. In the first part of this book, the aluminium foam- and polyurethane foam-filled structures have been developed for dissipating impact and blast energy. Experimental and numerical studies have been conducted to obtain their behaviours under impact loading. In addition, analytical models have also been proposed to assess their energy absorption performances and facilitate the impact and blast design when using the proposed foam-filled structures. In the second part of this book, SCS sandwich structures with novel shear connectors have been developed and their behaviours under impact and blast loading have been experimentally, numerically and analytical studied. Analytical models for predicting the impact and blast responses of SCS sandwich structures have also been developed. In the third part of this book, a new steel-polyurethane foam-steel-concrete-steel (SPUFSCS) panel (i.e. the combination of foam material and SCS panel) has been developed to achieve a higher impact resistant capacity. Owing to the increasing impact and blast threats on buildings and infrastructures, the studies presented in this book are of significant importance for providing several new solutions for impact and blast enhancement.
The book provides a comprehensive review of the fundamental and practical aspects of bioanalytical support and the integral role it…plays in the development of safe and efficacious biopharmaceutical drugs with speed and cost-effectiveness. The book focuses on a broad range of conventional and emerging biopharmaceutical modalities including monoclonal antibody-based therapeutics, gene therapy, cell therapy, peptides and oligonucleotides. The book starts with an introductory overview of bioanalysis showcasing the integral role it plays in understanding the drug disposition (pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics and immunogenicity) and the progression of bioanalytical strategy as the drug progresses through discovery and development stages of the program, taking into consideration the continually evolving regulatory landscape. The book further diversifies into individual biopharmaceutical modalities - monoclonal antibodies, antibody-drug conjugates, bispecifics, Fc-fusion proteins, gene therapies, cell therapies, peptides and oligonucleotides. The individual chapters focus on modality-specific bioanalytical assay strategies, critical reagents, assay formats, analytical platforms, associated bioanalytical challenges and mitigation strategies, industry best practices, and the latest understanding of regulatory guidance as applicable to the fast-growing biopharmaceutical landscape.
The authors and editors of this volume state that with the intensive growth of global industrialization and urbanization, the consumption…of various resources and materials, such as energy, minerals, and even water, is increasing at an amazing speed, which poses great pressure on material resources. In addition, the massive utilization of materials has led to low efficiency, resulting in great wastes of resources as well as serious environmental pollutions and degradation, which has severely hindered the sustainable development of economy and society. In order to transit to sustainable development, it is necessary to improved resource efficiency, and circular economy and waste valorization are the best alternative ways for achieving this goal. This book aims to provide an in-depth description of circular economy and waste valorization, make assessments for circular economy and waste valorization in different regions and countries and determine the technological pathways and roadmap for achieving circular economy and waste valorization. More specifically: (1) Conceptions and Theories: Concepts and definitions of circular economy and waste valorization and their nexus and contributions to sustainable development. (2) Policy and Practice: Measurement and assessment of performance or sustainability for implementing circular economy and waste valorization. (3) Pathways and Prospects: Identification and prioritization of the barriers, strategies, technologies, and pathways for achieving circular economy and waste valorization. The book systematically and comprehensively introduces the definitions, concepts, framework and nexus of circular economy and waste valorization, analyzes and measures their performance and sustainability and provides the methods for investigating and prioritizing the barriers and strategies and determining the pathways and roadmap for their development.
This book examines the British Admiralty’s engagement with science and technological innovation in the nineteenth century. It is a book…about people, and gross misunderstanding, about the dreams and disappointments of scientific workers and inventors in relation to the administrators who adjudicated their requests for support, and about the power of paper to escalate arguments, reduce opinions, and frustrate hopes. From instructions for naval surveying to debates about rewards to civilians for inventions, Paper Navigators puts a wide range of primary sources in the context of public debates and explores the British Admiralty’s engagement with, decision-making around, and management of questions of value, support, and funding with citizen inventors, the broader public, and their own employees. Concentrating on the Admiralty’s private, internal correspondence to explore these themes, it offers a fresh perspective on the Victorian Navy's history of innovation and exploration and is a novel addition to literature on the history of science in the nineteenth century.
By Wilfried Hoffmann. 2022
Das Buch erläutert übersichtlich, was sich hinter dem Begriff "Risikomanagement" verbirgt. Es liefert zudem Handlungsempfehlungen und -anleitungen. Bauprojekte werden von unterschiedlichen…Risiken begleitet, die sich auf die gesteckten Ziele auswirken können. Um die zu Projektbeginn definierten Ziele am Ende des Projekts auch wirklich zu erreichen, sind regelmäßig Entscheidungen zu treffen. Eine zielführende Entscheidung kann jedoch nur dann mit großer Sicherheit getroffen werden, wenn alle Abhängigkeiten bekannt sind. Sind den Projektbeteiligten diese Abhängigkeiten unbekannt, bestehen Unsicherheiten, die sich aus einem Anteil Ungewissheit (Wagnis) und einem Anteil Risiken zusammensetzen. Die Risiken lassen sich je nach Ausprägung als Gefahren (negative Zielerreichung) oder aber als Chancen (positive Zielabweichung) darstellen. Ein im Projekt etabliertes Risikomanagement hilft, die immanenten Risiken maßgeblich zu minimieren. Es kann die negativen Abweichungen in den Projektprozessen optimieren und einen Mittelweg zwischen Gefahren und Chancen austarieren.
Meso- to Neoarchean is a critical transitional period for the formation and evolution of continental crust and the corresponding geodynamic…mechanisms, during which the average composition of continental crust gradually shifted from Na-enriched to K-enriched. However, the ultimate source of K and its enrichment mechanism in continental crust are still enigmatic. Moreover, fierce controversies remain on the Precambrian subdivision and late Archean geodynamic models of the North China Craton (NCC). Archean basement terranes in the Eastern Hebei-Western Liaoning Provinces, northern NCC display characteristic lithological zonation similar to those developed in modern convergent plate margins, and from northwest to southeast can be subdivided into the MORB-type tholeiite belt, oceanic arc tectonic belt, and K-rich granitoid belt. This book reports systematic field geological, petrographic, structural, whole-rock geochemical, and zircon U-Pb-Hf-O isotopic data for the various late Neoarchean lithological assemblages of the K-rich granitoid belt. Their deformational characteristics and petrogenesis are discussed in detail, and integrated with their spatiotemporal relationships and metamorphic features, a late Neoarchean active continental margin setting with multi-stage trench retreats and subsequent arc-continent collision is proposed to account for the formation and evolution of the K-rich granitoid belt. It also throws light upon the ultimate source and enrichment mechanism of K in the late Archean continental crust by comparing K-rich granitoid belt with the adjacent oceanic arc tectonic belt.
Experimental Vibration Analysis for Civil Engineering Structures: Select Proceedings of the EVACES 2021 (Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering #224)
By Zhishen Wu, Tomonori Nagayama, Ji Dang, Rodrigo Astroza. 2023
This book presents selected, peer-reviewed contributions from the 9th International Conference on Experimental Vibration Analysis for Civil Engineering Structures (EVACES 2021),…organized by the University of Tokyo and Saitama University from September 17-20, 2021 on the Hongo campus of the University of Tokyo, and hosted in an online format. The event brought together engineers, scientists, researchers, and practitioners, providing a forum for discussing and disseminating the latest developments and achievements in all major aspects of dynamic testing for civil engineering structures, including instrumentation, sources of excitation, data analysis, system identification, monitoring and condition assessment, in-situ and laboratory experiments, codes and standards, and vibration mitigation. The topics of EVACES 2021 included but were not limited to: damage identification and structural health monitoring; testing, sensing and modeling; vibration isolation and control; system and model identification; coupled dynamical systems (including human–structure, vehicle–structure, and soil–structure interaction); and application of advanced techniques involving the Internet of Things, robot, UAV, big data and artificial intelligence.
2022 marks the 45th anniversary of the Voyager probe launches. Launched into space in 1977, these twin probes explored the…farthest reaches of the Solar System before venturing on a one-way journey beyond, all the while testing the bounds of science, robotic exploration and our collective imagination. This heavily revised commemorative book takes a comprehensive look at their incredible achievements, future potential and overall legacy.Chronicled herein is an epic journey to unveil the mysterious outer reaches of the Solar System for the first time. The book recounts the Voyagers’ travels through the asteroid belt and past the giant gaseous planets Jupiter and Saturn, as well as Voyager 2’s forays near the distant ice giants Uranus and Neptune. Each chapter details in full the game-changing scientific data and glorious imagery they sent back to Earth.This new edition incorporates all the new data we have learned in the nearly 20 years since its original publication, discussing how the knowledge first gleaned with Voyager has been built upon in subsequent decades by Cassini, Juno and New Horizons.The Voyager probes captured imaginations around the world; now is an opportune time to reflect on their unparalleled quest across the edges of the Solar System and the enigmatic interstellar medium beyond.
Narrative Persuasion. A Cognitive Perspective on Language Evolution (Interdisciplinary Evolution Research #7)
By Francesco Ferretti. 2022
This book explores the evolutionary and cognitive foundations of human communication, focusing on narrative as its distinctive dimension. Within a…framework of continuity with both the communication of our hominin predecessors and that of non-human animals, the book is about a twofold proposal. It includes the idea that (human and animal) communication has an intrinsically persuasive nature along with the hypothesis that humans developed narrative forms of communication in order to enhance their persuasive abilities. In this view, narrative persuasion becomes the feature that distinguishes human communication from animal communication. The study of the transition from animal communication to language addresses both the selective pressures that led communication for persuasive purposes to take a narrative form and the cognitive architectures and expressive systems that enabled our ancestors to cope with the selective pressures of persuasive/narrative-based communication. Language evolution is interdisciplinary, even from the specific perspective of evolutionary pragmatics chosen here. Therefore, this book is intended for researchers working in fields such as cognitive sciences, philosophy, evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, and primatology. It also represents a valuable resource for advanced students in cognitive sciences, linguistics, and philosophy.
By Haomiao Yang, Hongwei Li, Xuemin Sherman Shen. 2023
This book proposes secure schemes to address security challenges in secure automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast systems (ADS-B) from five different angles.…First, the authors examine encryption schemes applied to the ADS-B environment for protecting messages confidentiality. Second, they propose an ADS-B broadcast authentication scheme with batch verification by employing an identity-based signature. Third, they present ADS-B broadcast authentication scheme based on a digital signature with message recovery, which provides a feature that the message is recoverable from the signature. Fourth, they propose a new cryptographic solution to ADS-B security. Finally, they propose an accurate and efficient cognitive aircraft location verification scheme preserving aircraft location privacy by utilizing a grid-based k-nearest neighbor algorithm. In summary, the authors show how ADS-B data links can greatly enhance flight safety by these proposed schemes without sacrificing data security.Proposes several secure schemes to address security challenges in secure automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast systems (ADS-B);Provides extensive experiments and evaluates the proposed schemes using real-world data;Shows how ADS-B data links can greatly enhance safety without sacrificing data security
3D Imaging—Multidimensional Signal Processing and Deep Learning: Multidimensional Signals, Images, Video Processing and Applications, Volume 2 (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies #298)
By Lakhmi C. Jain, Roumen Kountchev, Yonghang Tai, Roumiana Kountcheva. 2022
This book gathers selected papers presented at the conference “Advances in 3D Image and Graphics Representation, Analysis, Computing and Information…Technology,” one of the first initiatives devoted to the problems of 3D imaging in all contemporary scientific and application areas. The two volumes of the book cover wide area of the aspects of the contemporary multidimensional imaging and outline the related future trends from data acquisition to real-world applications based on new techniques and theoretical approaches. This volume contains papers aimed at the multidimensional systems and signal processing, deep learning, mathematical approaches and the related applications. The related topics are multidimensional multi-component image processing; multidimensional image representation and super-resolution; compression of multidimensional spatio-temporal images; multidimensional image transmission systems; multidimensional signal processing; prediction and filtering of multidimensional process; intelligent multi-spectral and hyper-spectral image processing, intelligent multi-view image processing, 3D deep learning, 3D GIS and graphic database; data-based MD image retrieval and knowledge data mining; watermarking, hiding and encryption of MD images; intelligent visualization of MD images; forensic analysis systems for M3D graphics algorithm; 3D VR (Virtual Reality)/AR (Augmented Reality); applications of multidimensional signal processing; applications of multidimensional systems; multidimensional filters and filter-banks.
By Eugen Reichl. 2022
Dieser Band der Astrophysik-Aktuell-Reihe beschäftigt sich mit der astronautischen Raumfahrt. Er beginnt mit den ersten Vorstellungen der Menschen über ihren…Platz im Kosmos und erzählt die Geschichte ihrer Pioniere. Über den heute erreichten Status geht es weiter mit einem Ausblick in die Zukunft, wenn eine große Zahl von Menschen permanent im Weltraum leben wird und ein neues Zeitalter der „Fernreisen“ beginnt. Kurzweilig und verständlich stellt Eugen Reichl diese Entwicklungen und Zukunftsprojekte dar, unterstützt mit Statistiken und vielen Abbildungen.Menschen im Weltraum präsentiert die Entwicklung und Zukunft der astronautischen Raumfahrt im Stil der Astrophysik-Aktuell-Reihe. In kompakter Form richtet es sich an Schülerinnen und Schüler der Oberstufen, an Lehrkräfte mit Schwerpunkt Physik und Astrophysik, Studierende der Astronomie sowie der Luft- und Raumfahrt, aber auch ganz allgemein an alle, die sich für das Abenteuer des Menschen im Weltraum begeistern.
By Vladimir L. Bychkov. 2022
The monograph is devoted to ball lightning (BL) observed in natural conditions in the air and artificial BL, long-lived luminous…formations (LLF), usually obtained in laboratories experimentally. Joint consideration of artificial and natural BL emphasizes the need for a comprehensive analysis of such complex objects. It is the description of the study of the properties of artificial BL and LLF in the end of 20th and 21st centuries that allows the reader to better understand what and how can be experimentally simulated.
This book systematically introduces the principles of flexible forming technologies to manufacture thin-walled complex-shaped components, the mechanism of controlling the…material flow, the design and the configuration of flexible forming technologies’ equipment and tools. It covers new technologies and new processes for forming hollow components, and relevant research on forming mechanisms, deformation laws, and defect control with examples from practical applications. It will be a useful reference for researchers, engineers, graduate and undergraduate students in aerospace, nuclear, railway, vehicle and petrochemical engineering, etc.
Aerospace and Associated Technology: Proceedings of the Joint Conference of ICTACEM 2021, APCATS 2021, AJSAE 2021 and AeSI 2021
By Anup Ghosh, Kalyan Prasad Sinhamahapatra, Ratan Joarder, Sikha Hota. 2023
The International Conference on Theoretical Applied Computational and Experimental Mechanics is organized every three years by the Department of Aerospace…Engineering IIT Kharagpur. The conference is devoted to providing a platform for scientists and engineers to exchange their views on the latest developments in Mechanics since 1998. ICTACEM Conference is aimed at bringing together academics and researchers working in various disciplines of mechanics to exchange views as well as to share knowledge between people from different parts of the globe. The 8th ICTACEM was held from December 20-22, 2021, at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.