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By Abdulrahman Obaid AI-Youbi, Adnan Hamza Zahed, Mahmoud Nadim Nahas, Ahmad Abousree Hegazy. 2021
This open access book is unique in its contents. No other title in the book market has tackled this important…subject. It introduces innovation as a way of practice for world-class universities. It, then, discusses the criteria for being innovative in the academic world. The book selects some of the top innovative world-class universities to study the factors that qualified them to be innovative, so that any other university can follow their steps to become innovative. The final chapter of the book presents some recommendations in this regard.
Advances in Electronics, Communication and Computing: Select Proceedings of ETAEERE 2020 (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering #709)
By Akash Kumar Bhoi, Pradeep Kumar Mallick, Gyoo-Soo Chae, Kanak Kalita. 2021
This book comprises select proceedings of the international conference ETAEERE 2020, and covers latest research in the areas of electronics,…communication and computing. The book includes different approaches and techniques for specific applications using particle swarm optimization, Otsu’s function and harmony search optimization algorithm, DNA-NAND gate, triple gate SOI MOSFET, micro-Raman and FTIR analysis, high-k dielectric gate oxide, spectrum sensing in cognitive radio, microstrip antenna, GPR with conducting surfaces, energy efficient packet routing, iBGP route reflectors, circularly polarized antenna, double fork shaped patch radiator, implementation of Doppler radar at 24 GHz, iris image classification using SVM, digital image forgery detection, secure communication, spoken dialog system, and DFT-DCT spreading strategies. Given the range of topics covered, this book can be useful for both students and researchers working in electronics and communication.
Establishing Quantum Physics in Berlin: Einstein and the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics, 1917–1922 (SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology)
By Hubert Goenner, Giuseppe Castagnetti. 2020
This book explores Albert Einstein’s move to Berlin and the establishment of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics under his…directorship. Einstein’s call to Berlin was supported by a group of prominent physicists, including Fritz Haber, Walter Nernst, Max Planck, Heinrich Rubens, Emil Warburg, and the young astronomer Erwin Freundlich, in the expectation that Einstein and the institute would take the lead in advancing quantum physics in its early phase. Examining both the abortive attempt and the successful opening of the institute in 1917, it also discusses in detail the institute’s activities up to 1922, when Einstein relinquished the directorship, as well as his reasons for stepping down. The final chapter evaluates the institute’s activities and its role in the advancement of physics. In the end, the institute only partially fulfilled the expectations of its promoters because of the waning interest in quantum physics on the part of its director and board, and also because of Einstein’s refusal to exert scientific leadership. The book is part of a series of publications in the SpringerBriefs series on the early network of quantum physics.
By Hervé Queffelec, Martine Queffelec. 2020
The second edition of the book includes a new chapter on the study of composition operators on the Hardy space…and their complete characterization by Gordon and Hedenmalm. The book is devoted to Diophantine approximation, the analytic theory of Dirichlet series and their composition operators, and connections between these two domains which often occur through the Kronecker approximation theorem and the Bohr lift. The book initially discusses Harmonic analysis, including a sharp form of the uncertainty principle, Ergodic theory and Diophantine approximation, basics on continued fractions expansions, and the mixing property of the Gauss map and goes on to present the general theory of Dirichlet series with classes of examples connected to continued fractions, Bohr lift, sharp forms of the Bohnenblust–Hille theorem, Hardy–Dirichlet spaces, composition operators of the Hardy–Dirichlet space, and much more. Proofs throughout the book mix Hilbertian geometry, complex and harmonic analysis, number theory, and ergodic theory, featuring the richness of analytic theory of Dirichlet series. This self-contained book benefits beginners as well as researchers.
This book provides an insight into ways of inculcating the need for applying mobile edge data analytics in bioinformatics and…medicine. The book is a comprehensive reference that provides an overview of the current state of medical treatments and systems and offers emerging solutions for a more personalized approach to the healthcare field. Topics include deep learning methods for applications in object detection and identification, object tracking, human action recognition, and cross-modal and multimodal data analysis. High performance computing systems for applications in healthcare are also discussed. The contributors also include information on microarray data analysis, sequence analysis, genomics based analytics, disease network analysis, and techniques for big data Analytics and health information technology.
By Gamini Seneviratne, Junaida Shezmin Zavahir. 2021
This book is about the role played by microbes in their community mode in sustaining ecosystems. The descriptions given in…its chapters indicate clearly that microbial communities are more effective in delivering multifaceted benefits to the soil-plant system than those offered by microbial monocultures in planktonic modes. The role these communities play in a multitude of microbe-microbe and plant-microbe interactions have not yet been fully exploited to gain benefits in this field as well as to achieve sustainability in agriculture practices. Amply discussed are the beneficial characteristics and metabolic capacities of specific microbial groups and the use of microbial traits for the benefit of plant growth. The book suggests the need to develop new microbial technologies to utilize plant-associated microbes for increased crop productivity and agroecosystem balance in order to ensure sustainability. This also provides an effective guidance to scientists, academics, researchers, students and policy makers of the sphere to achieve the above outcomes.
This book discusses a spectrum of approaches to designing the food-energy-water nexus at different spatial-urban scales. The book offers a…framework for working on the FEW-nexus in a design-led context and integrates the design of urban neighbourhoods and regions with methodologies how to simultaneously engaging residents and stakeholders and evaluating the propositions in a FEW-print, measuring the environmental impact of the different designs. The examples are derived from on the ground practices in Sydney, Tokyo, Detroit, Amsterdam and Belfast.
By Franco Strocchi. 2021
The third edition of the by now classic reference on rigorous analysis of symmetry breaking in both classical and quantum…field theories adds new topics of relevance, in particular the effect of dynamical Coulomb delocalization, by which boundary conditions give rise to volume effects and to energy/mass gap in the Goldstone spectrum (plasmon spectrum, Anderson superconductivity, Higgs phenomenon). The book closes with a discussion of the physical meaning of global and local gauge symmetries and their breaking, with attention to the effect of gauge group topology in QCD. From the reviews of the first edition: It is remarkable to see how much material can actually be presented in a rigorous way (incidentally, many of the results presented are due to Strocchi himself), yet this is largely ignored, the original heuristic derivations being, as a rule, more popular. - At each step he strongly emphasizes the physical meaning and motivation of the various notions introduced [...] a book that fills a conspicuous gap in the literature, and does it rather well. It could also be a good basis for a graduate course in mathematical physics. J.-P. Antoine, Physicalia 28/2, 2006 Despite many accounts in popular textbooks and a widespread belief, the phenomenon is rather subtle, requires an infinite set of degrees of freedom and an advanced mathematical setting of the system under investigation. [...] The mathematically oriented graduate student will certainly benefit from this thorough, rigorous and detailed investigation. G. Roepstorff, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1075, 2006 From the reviews of the second edition: This second edition of Strocchi’s Symmetry Breaking presents a complete, generalized and highly rigorous discussion of the subject, based on a formal analysis of conditions necessary for the mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking to occur in classical systems, as well as in quantum systems. […] This book is specifically recommended for mathematical physicists interested in a deeper and rigorous understanding of the subject, and it should be mandatory for researchers studying the mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking. S. Hajjawi, Mathematical Reviews, 2008
By Arup K. SenGupta. 1995
This book provides comprehensive coverage of developments in ion exchange areas which would continue to have major impacts in the…general pursuit of pollution control and pollution prevention. Its nine chapters can be split into four different theme areas: trace contaminants removals; new materials; desalination and finally controlling gaseous pollutants. This would have value for practicing engineers, scientists and researchers who are pertaining to ion exchange technology. It would also server the needs of those trying to explore and identify new technologies in the areas of pollution control and pollution prevention.
The so-called “Bone Wars” of the 1880s, which pitted Edward Drinker Cope against Othniel Charles Marsh in a frenzy of…fossil collection and discovery, may have marked the introduction of dinosaurs to the American public, but the second Jurassic dinosaur rush, which took place around the turn of the twentieth century, brought the prehistoric beasts back to life. These later expeditions—which involved new competitors hailing from leading natural history museums in New York, Chicago, and Pittsburgh—yielded specimens that would be reconstructed into the colossal skeletons that thrill visitors today in museum halls across the country. Reconsidering the fossil speculation, the museum displays, and the media frenzy that ushered dinosaurs into the American public consciousness, Paul Brinkman takes us back to the birth of dinomania, the modern obsession with all things Jurassic. Featuring engaging and colorful personalities and motivations both altruistic and ignoble, The Second Jurassic Dinosaur Rush shows that these later expeditions were just as foundational—if not more so—to the establishment of paleontology and the budding collections of museums than the more famous Cope and Marsh treks. With adventure, intrigue, and rivalry, this is science at its most swashbuckling.
By Rupa S. Valdez, Richard J. Holden. 2021
Patients are increasingly encouraged to take an active role in managing their health and health care. New technologies, cultural shifts,…trends in healthcare delivery, and policies have brought to the forefront the "work" patients, families, and other non-professionals perform in the pursuit of health. This volume closely examines notable application areas for the emerging discipline of Patient Ergonomics – the science of patient work. The Patient Factor: Applications of Patient Ergonomics, Volume II reviews the definition of Patient Ergonomics and discusses the application of Patient Ergonomics across contexts. It analyzes patient work performed in emergency departments, transitions of care, home and community settings, retail pharmacies, and online communities. It also examines applications to groups including veterans, pediatric patients, older adults, the underserved, and people engaged in health promotion. The Patient Factor is ideal for academics working in health care and patient-centered research, their students, human factors practitioners working in healthcare organizations or at technology companies, frontline healthcare professionals, and leaders of healthcare delivery organizations.
By Rupa S. Valdez, Richard J. Holden. 2021
Patients are increasingly encouraged to take an active role in managing their health and health care. New technologies, cultural shifts,…trends in healthcare delivery, and policies have brought to the forefront the "work" patients, families, and other non-professionals perform in pursuit of health. Volume I provides a theoretical and methodological foundation for the emerging discipline of Patient Ergonomics – the science of patient work. The Patient Factor: Theories and Methods for Patient Ergonomics, Volume I defines Patient Ergonomics, explains its importance, and situates it in a broader historical and societal context. It reviews applicable theories and methods from human factors/ergonomics and related disciplines, across domains including consumer technology, patient-professional communication, self-care, and patient safety. The Patient Factor is ideal for academics working in health care and patient-centered research, their students, human factors practitioners working in healthcare organizations or at technology companies, frontline healthcare professionals, and leaders of healthcare delivery organizations.
An agent often does not have precise probabilities or utilities to guide resolution of a decision problem. I advance a…principle of rationality for making decisions in such cases. To begin, I represent the doxastic and conative state of an agent with a set of pairs of a probability assignment and a utility assignment. Then I support a decision principle that allows any act that maximizes expected utility according to some pair of assignments in the set. Assuming that computation of an option's expected utility uses comprehensive possible outcomes that include the option's risk, no consideration supports a stricter requirement.
By Yatish T. Shah. 2021
Hybrid energy systems integrate multiple sources of power generation, storage, and transport mechanisms and can facilitate increased usage of cleaner,…renewable, and more efficient energy sources. Hybrid Power: Generation, Storage, and Grids discusses hybrid energy systems from fundamentals through applications and discusses generation, storage, and grids. Highlights fundamentals and applications of hybrid energy storage Discusses use in hybrid and electric vehicles and home energy needs Discusses issues related to hybrid renewable energy systems connected to the utility grid Describes the usefulness of hybrid microgrids and various forms of off-grid energy such as mini-grids, nanogrids, and stand-alone systems Covers the use of hybrid renewable energy systems for rural electrification around the world Discusses various forms and applications of hybrid energy systems, hybrid energy storage, hybrid microgrids, and hybrid off-grid energy systems Details simulation and optimization of hybrid renewable energy systems This book is aimed at advanced students and researchers in academia, government, and industry, seeking a comprehensive overview of the basics, technologies, and applications of hybrid energy systems.
Beton-Kalender 2021: Schwerpunkte: Fertigteile; Integrale Bauwerke (2 Bande) (Beton-Kalender (VCH) *)
By Herausgegeben Von. 2021
Das Thema Nachhaltigkeit, der bewusste und schonende Umgang mit Ressourcen bei Neubau und dem Bauen im Bestand werden im Beton-Kalender…2021 unter dem besonderen Blickwinkel des Bauens mit Fertigteilen und des Ertüchtigens beleuchtet. Neben aktualisierten Beiträgen zur Lebensdauerbemessung, den Grundlagen zum Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen im Hochbau und der Holz-Beton-Verbundbauweise wird speziell auf die Resourceneffizienz beim Bau mit Betonfertigteilen eingegangen. Hierbei geht es um innovative Ansätze für Entwurf, Fügetechniken und Herstellungstechnologien (einschl. Automatisierung). In diesem Zusammenhang ist auch die Elementbauweise mit Gitterträgern zu nennen, welche ihrerseits die Vorteile der Vorfertigung mit der Flexibilität der Ortbetonbauweise vereint. Zum Thema Nachhaltigkeit gehört auch der schonende Umgang mit Bestandsbauwerken. Im Beton-Kalender wird hierzu die Verstärkung von Betonbauteilen mit geklebter Bewehrung und mit Schraubverbindungen aufgegriffen. Neben einem aktualisierten Beitrag zu geklebten Verstärkungen mit CFK-Lamellen und Stahllaschen mit Erläuterungen und Beispielen wird die DAfStb-Richtlinie "Verstärken von Betonbauteilen mit geklebter Bewehrung" abgedruckt. Unter dem Schwerpunkt "Integrale Bauwerke" fasst der Beton-Kalender den aktuellen Stand des Wissens für diese Bauweise für Brücken und Tragwerke im Hochbau zusammen. Eine Reihe von Beiträgen widmet sich neuartigen Betonen und deren Einsatzmöglichkeiten im Hinblick auf Neubau und Ertüchtigung, wie z.B. dem UHPC, Stahlfaserbeton und dem Infraleichtbeton.
By R. Kurt Barnhart. 2021
Introduction to Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Third Edition surveys the basics of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), from sensors, controls, and automation…to regulations, safety procedures, and human factors. Featuring chapters by leading experts, this fully updated bestseller fills the need for an accessible and effective university textbook. Focussing on the civilian applications of UAS, the text begins with an historical overview of unmanned aerial vehicles, and proceeds to examine each major UAS subsystem. Its combination of understandable technical coverage and up-to-date information on policy and regulation makes the text appropriate for both Aerospace Engineering and Aviation programs.
By Brijesh K. Tiwari, Shivani Pathania. 2021
Reviews innovative processing techniques and recent developments in food formulation, identification, and utilization of functional ingredients Food Formulation: Novel Ingredients and Processing Techniques is a comprehensive…and up-to-date account of novel food ingredients and new processing techniques used in advanced commercial food formulations. This unique volume will help students and industry professionals alike in understanding the current trends, emerging technologies, and their impact on the food formulation techniques. Contributions from leading academic and industrial experts provide readers with informed and relevant insights on using the latest technologies and production processes for new product development and reformulations. The text first describes the basis of a food formulation, including smart protein and starch ingredients, healthy ingredients such as salt and sugar replacers, and interactions within the food components. Emphasizing operational principles, the book reviews state-of-the-art 3D printing technology, encapsulation and a range of emerging technologies including high pressure, pulsed electric field, ultrasound and supercritical fluid extraction. The final chapters discuss recent developments and trends in food formulation, from foods that target allergies and intolerance, to prebiotic and probiotic food formulation designed to improve gut health. A much-needed reference on novel sourcing of food ingredients, processing technologies, and application, this book: Explores new food ingredients as well as impact of processing on ingredient interactions Describes new techniques that improve the flavor and acceptability of functional food ingredients Reviews mathematical tools used for recipe formulation, process control and consumer studies Includes regulations and legislations around tailor-made food products Food Formulation: Novel Ingredients and Processing Techniques is an invaluable resource for students, educators, researchers, food technologists, and professionals, engineers and scientists across the food industry.
By Nick Plant. 2003
Molecular Toxicology is a concise introduction to the subject, taking the reader through the theoretical principles of toxicology followed by…specific examples. In the first section, the concepts behind possible mechanisms of toxicity are described (e.g. the specific enzyme or receptor system) using examples where appropriate. Following this a series of examples are used to show the extension of concept into the real world, in an organ specific manner. The book concludes with a section outlining toxicity assessment methods, where the impact of molecular biology is having a considerable impact, including DNA microarrays, proteomics and bioinformatics.
By Marty Cagan. 2021
What is it about the top tech product companies such as Amazon, Apple, Google, Netflix and Tesla that enables their…record of consistent innovation? Most people think it’s because these companies are somehow able to find and attract a level of talent that makes this innovation possible. But the real advantage these companies have is not so much who they hire, but rather how they enable their people to work together to solve hard problems and create extraordinary products. As legendary Silicon Valley coach--and coach to the founders of several of today’s leading tech companies--Bill Campbell said, “Leadership is about recognizing that there's a greatness in everyone, and your job is to create an environment where that greatness can emerge.” The goal of EMPOWERED is to provide you, as a leader of product management, product design, or engineering, with everything you’ll need to create just such an environment. As partners at The Silicon Valley Product Group, Marty Cagan and Chris Jones have long worked to reveal the best practices of the most consistently innovative companies in the world. A natural companion to the bestseller INSPIRED, EMPOWERED tackles head-on the reason why most companies fail to truly leverage the potential of their people to innovate: product leadership. The book covers: what it means to be an empowered product team, and how this is different from the “feature teams” used by most companies to build technology products recruiting and coaching the members of product teams, first to competence, and then to reach their potential creating an inspiring product vision along with an insights-driven product strategy translating that strategy into action by empowering teams with specific objectives—problems to solve—rather than features to build redefining the relationship of the product teams to the rest of the company detailing the changes necessary to effectively and successfully transform your organization to truly empowered product teams EMPOWERED puts decades of lessons learned from the best leaders of the top technology companies in your hand as a guide. It shows you how to become the leader your team and company needs to not only survive but thrive.
By Umakanta Sahoo. 2020
The energy scene in the world is a complex picture of a variety of energy sources being used to meet…the world’s growing energy needs. There is, however, a gap in the demand and supply. It is recognized that decentralized power generation based on the various renewable energy technologies can, to some extent, help in meeting the growing energy needs. The renewable energy landscape has witnessed tremendous changes in the policy framework with accelerated and ambitious plans to increase the contribution of renewable energy such as solar, wind, bio-power, and others. Hybrid renewable energy systems are important for continuous operation and supplements each form of energy seasonally, offering several benefits over a stand-alone system. It can enhance capacity and lead to greater security of continuous electricity supply, among other applications. This book provides a platform for researchers, academics, industry professionals, consultants and designers to discover state-of-the-art developments and challenges in the field of hybrid renewable energy. Written by a team of experts and edited by one of the top researchers in hybrid renewable systems, this volume is a must-have for any engineer, scientist, or student working in this field, providing a valuable reference and guide in a quickly emerging field.