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The Economics of Military Spending: A Marxist Perspective (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy)
By Adem Yavuz Elveren. 2019
The Economics of Military Spending offers a comprehensive analysis of the effect of military expenditures on the economy. It is…the first book to provide both a theoretical and an empirical investigation of how military spending affects the profit rate, a key indicator of the health of a capitalist economy. The book presents a general discussion on the economic models of the nexus of military spending and economic growth, as well as military Keynesianism and the military-industrial complex. Including an account of the Marxist crisis theories, it focuses on military spending as a counteracting factor to the tendency of rate of profit to fall. Using a range of econometric methods and adopting a Marxist perspective, this book provides comprehensive evidence on the effects of military spending on the rate of profit for more than thirty countries. The findings of the book shed light on the complex linkages between military spending and the profit rate by considering the role of countries in the arms trade. Offering a Marxist perspective and an emphasis on quantitative analysis, The Economics of Military Spending will be of great interest to students and scholars of defence and peace economics, as well as Marxist economics.
Ana-Maria Iulia Şanta erforscht in diesem Buch die neuesten Entwicklungen in der Energiepolitik auf der Ebene der Europäischen Union im…internationalen Kontext der Förderung von Nachhaltigkeit. Die Rahmenbedingungen für die neue Energiepolitik der Europäischen Union werden unter Berücksichtigung ihrer ökonomischen, sozialen und umweltpolitischen Auswirkungen evaluiert. Dabei werden vernetztes Denken und eine neue Herangehensweise in einem vergleichenden Ansatz mit internationaler Dimension vorgeschlagen, um neue Perspektiven der Forschungsthematik zu beleuchten.Die AutorinAna-Maria Iulia Şanta ist Universitätsassistentin an der Abteilung für Wirtschaft und Wirtschaftspolitik der Universität für Wirtschaftsstudien Bukarest.
By Lorenz Pöllmann. 2021
Dieses Lehrbuch zeigt, wie Kulturbetriebe unter Wahrung der künstlerischen Autonomie ihrer Kernleistungen ein modernes Kulturmarketingkonzept entwickeln können. Lorenz Pöllmann richtet…den Blick aus der Perspektive des Kulturmanagements auf verschiedene Kulturinstitutionen wie Theater, Orchester, Museen, Clubs oder Festivals. Er behandelt die grundlegenden Aufgaben wie Markt- und Besucherforschung, strategische Markenbildung, Entscheidungen zur Leistungs-, Preis-, Distributions- und Kommunikationspolitik sowie der Evaluation und dem Controlling. Kontrollfragen zu jedem Kapitel runden das Lehrbuch ab und bieten zudem eine Diskussionsgrundlage für Kulturinstitutionen. In der 2. Auflage wurden alle Kapitel überarbeitet und aktuelle Beispiele aus der Kulturmarketingpraxis ergänzt. Vertieft wurden beispielsweise die Ausführungen zur Publikumsforschung durch zahlreiche Beispielfragen für die Erstellung einer Besucherbefragung. Ein neues Canvas-Modell soll die Entwicklung von Persona unterstützen und dadurch die Zielgruppenanalyse erleichtern. Überlegungen zu digitalem und medialem Publikum wurden integriert und die Ausführungen zur Zielgruppenplanung mit einem neuen Abschnitt zur Mediaplanung verbunden. Zudem dienen fortan interaktive Flashcards zur eigenständigen Überprüfung ausgewählter Schwerpunkte. Laden Sie die Springer Nature Flashcards-App kostenlos herunter und nutzen Sie als Printbuchkäufer exklusive Inhalte, um Ihr Wissen zu prüfen. Der Inhalt• Der Kulturbetrieb• Marketinganalyse• Strategien des Kulturmarketings• Marketing-Mix• Evaluation und Controlling • Kulturmarketing-Canvas: Implementierung des Marketingkonzeptes in die Praxis
Deutschland und China zwischen Kooperation und Konkurrenz: Eine vergleichende Analyse der Sozialen und Sozialistischen Marktwirtschaft (Ökonomien und Gesellschaften im Wandel)
By Markus Hans-Peter Müller, Jonas Polfuß. 2021
Deutschland und China – zwei der größten Ökonomien der Welt – erscheinen in vielerlei Hinsicht sehr gegensätzlich. Deutschland hat den…Begriff der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft entscheidend geprägt, China gilt als Land, das die Weltwirtschaft des 21. Jahrhunderts entscheidend beeinflussen wird. Nicht erst seit der Coronavirus-Pandemie kämpfen die westlichen Nationen mit wirtschaftlichen Herausforderungen sowie mit der Zustimmung zur liberalen und freiheitlichen demokratischen Ordnung. Zeitgleich steht China wie die westlichen Marktwirtschaften vor beispiellosen ökonomischen und gesellschaftlichen Aufgaben. Die Autoren zeigen auf, wie Deutschland und China mit diesen Herausforderungen umgehen, was beide Ökonomien verbindet und was sie gleichermaßen trennt. Das Buch betrachtet die Entwicklungen und Synergiemöglichkeiten der beiden marktwirtschaftlichen Systeme und analysiert ihre Stärken und Schwächen – fernab von politischen Pauschalisierungen. Es liefert fundierte Antworten in Zeiten emotionaler Debatten über die Neubewertung globaler Kräfteverhältnisse.
This peer-reviewed book presents a comprehensive overview of the role space is playing in enabling Latin America to fulfill its…developmental aspirations. Following on from the highly acclaimed Part 1, it explains how space and its applications can be used to support the development of the full range and diversity of Latin America societies, while being driven by Latin American goals. The Latin American space sector is currently undergoing a phase of rapid and dynamic expansion, with new actors entering the field and with space applications increasingly being used to support the continent’s social, economic, and political development. All across Latin America, attention is shifting to space as a fundamental part of the continental development agenda, and the creation of a Latin American space agency is evidence of this. Additionally, while in recent years, significant advances in economic and social development have lifted many of Latin America’s people out of poverty, there is still much that needs to be done to fulfill the basic needs of the population and to afford them the dignity they deserve. To this end, space is already being employed in diverse fields of human endeavor to serve Latin America’s goals for its future, but there is still a need for further incorporation of space systems and data. This book will appeal to researchers, professionals and students in fields such as space studies, international relations, governance, and social and rural development.
Samuel Pufendorf and the Emergence of Economics as a Social Science (The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences #23)
By Günther Chaloupek, Hans A. Frambach, Jurgen G. Backhaus. 2021
This book discusses Samuel Pufendorf and his contributions to the development of the European Enlightenment and the emergence of economics…as a social science. Born in 1632 in Saxony, Pufendorf wrote widely on natural law, ethics, jurisprudence, and political economy and was one of the most important figures in early-modern political thought. Although his work fits within the intellectual framework of natural jurisprudence, there is an argument to be made that his ideas promoted the development of economics as a distinct discipline within the social sciences. Written by participants in the 34th Heilbronn Symposion in Economics and the Social Sciences, the contributions to this volume give an overview of Pufendorf’s influence on other authors of the Enlightenment, such as Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau, as well as addressing the theoretical implications of his extensive writings. Further chapters place a special focus on Pufendorf’s discussion of economic matters, such as property rights theory, price theory, taxation, and preferences and decision-making. The book concludes with analyzing Pufendorf’s influence on Adam Smith, his anticipations of elements of modern economic theory, and his impact on the history of economic thought. Providing a fresh look at one of the foundational scholars of social science, this volume will be of interest to researchers and students of the history of economic thought, political economy, economic history, and political philosophy.
The Impact of the Sharing Economy on Business and Society: Digital Transformation and the Rise of Platform Businesses (Routledge Studies in the Economics of Innovation)
By Abbas Strømmen-Bakhtiar, Evgueni Vinogradov. 2020
The emergence of new platform business models, notably the sharing economy, is impacting the economy in various ways, altering the…structure of many industries, and raising a number of economic and political issues. This book investigates the widespread influence of the sharing economy on businesses and society, as well as examining its underpinning economic principles and development. This volume presents an exhaustive review of the existing knowledge on the sharing economy and addresses several major areas of concern for incumbent businesses. It also explains the business models for those who are interested in embarking on their own ventures and provides an excellent source for further research. It takes an in-depth look at controversial labour policies, such as using labour as self-employed contractors or using regulatory grey areas to expand in markets. It is highly multidisciplinary, establishing links between economics, finance, marketing and consumer behaviour. This contribution on the sharing economy will enable researchers and graduate and doctoral students to expand and improve their understanding of this topic and identify new research problems in all of these areas. The book will also appeal to policy makers, regional and local government decision makers, and those interested in labour markets transformation.
Much ink has been spilled in attempts to prove that humans are only animals and are, like other species, only…aggressive. Marx distinguishes both class and cooperative relations as inorganic: humans create their subjectivity through their mutual social production. They build upon their previous forms of social production and, with capitalism, become not only an opposition of classes, but have the capacity for urban individualism and cooperation. Dialectics of Class Struggle examines the historical development of classes from ancient times to present. It analyses the development of ancient slavery into feudalism and the latter into capitalism. It focuses on the laws and limits of capitalist development, the contradictions inherent in the capitalist state, revolutions in the twentieth century and the possibilities for human freedom that they revealed. It concludes with an examination of class struggles in the global economy and shows the human deprivations as well as the human possibilities.
By Jacques Peretti. 2017
'The book to read' GQ'A revelatory book' John Lewis-StempelWhile the laws that guide our lives are written by the politicians…we elect, much of the world around us - from the food we eat to the products we buy to the medications we take - is shaped by private negotiations and business deals few of us know about.For twenty years, Peretti has interviewed the people behind the decisions that have altered our world, from CEOs of multinational corporations to politicians, economists, and scientists. In The Deals that Made the World, Peretti draws on his vast knowledge to reveal a host of fascinating and startling connections, from how Wall Street's actions on food commodities helped spark the Arab Spring to the link between the AIDS epidemic in 1980s San Francisco and the subprime mortgage crisis of 2008. He proves a sure guide, combining both eye-opening on-the-ground reporting and a narrative flair that makes esoteric financial and business concepts clear and understandable.Like Steven Levitt, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Brad Stone, Michael Lewis, and Malcolm Gladwell, Peretti takes the ordinary and turns it inside out to give us a compelling new perspective on our lives and our world.
Defence policy is of continuing interest and concern to all nations. There are armed conflicts and new threats. Difficult choices…cannot be avoided. This book has three aims. First, to identify the typical questions raised by economists when studying defence policy. Second, to show how simple economic analysis can be used to answer these questions and contribute to our understanding of defence issues. Third, to provide a critical evaluation of defence policy.
By Deirdre Nansen McCloskey. 2021
Economic historian Deirdre Nansen McCloskey has distinguished herself through her writing on the Great Enrichment and the betterment of the…poor—not just materially but spiritually. In Bettering Humanomics she continues her intellectually playful yet rigorous analysis with a focus on humans rather than the institutions. Going against the grain of contemporary neo-institutional and behavioral economics which privilege observation over understanding, she asserts her vision of “humanomics,” which draws on the work of Bart Wilson, Vernon Smith, and most prominently, Adam Smith. She argues for an economics that uses a comprehensive understanding of human action beyond behaviorism. McCloskey clearly articulates her points of contention with believers in “imperfections,” from Samuelson to Stiglitz, claiming that they have neglected scientific analysis in their haste to diagnose the ills of the system. In an engaging and erudite manner, she reaffirms the global successes of market-tested betterment and calls for empirical investigation that advances from material incentives to an awareness of the human within historical and ethical frameworks. Bettering Humanomics offers a critique of contemporary economics and a proposal for an economics as a better human science.
Agriculture has been among the toughest political battlegrounds in postwar Japan and represents an ideal case study in institutional stability…and change. Inefficient land use and a rapidly aging workforce have long been undermining the economic viability of the agricultural sector. Yet vested interests in the small-scale, part-time agricultural production structure have obstructed major reforms. Change has instead occurred in more subtle ways. Since the mid-1990s, a gradual reform process has dismantled some of the core pillars of the postwar agricultural support and protection regime. Harvesting State Support analyzes this process by shifting the analytical focus to the local level. Drawing on extensive qualitative field research, Hanno Jentzsch investigates how local actors, including farmers, local governments, and local agricultural cooperatives, have translated abstract policies into local practice. Showing how local variants are constructed through recombining national reforms with the local informal institutional environment, Harvesting State Support reveals new links between agricultural reform and other shifts in Japan’s political economy.
By Susana Peralta. 2021
Um guia para entender a crise em que estamos prestes a mergulhar. Um manual para não nos afundarmos. Pela economista…Susana Peralta. «Nenhuma economia está preparada para um choque destes. É como um gigantesco terramoto que assola o tecido económico e social. Mas há tecidos mais sólidos do que os outros para absorver as ondas de choque do terramoto. As nossas economias estavam mal preparadas para este choque. O tecido estava lasso.» Habituámo-nos a associar a palavra economia a números, alguns inescrutáveis para o cidadão comum. De tal forma que nos esquecemos que há pessoas por detrás dos números. Pessoas e vidas muito diversas no seu quotidiano, no local onde trabalham e moram, no que estudam, no que leem, na forma de usufruir dos momentos de lazer. Até nos seus sonhos e no futuro que idealizam e tentam construir. Uma parte dessa diversidade é boa e desejável, pois permite-nos fazer o que a nossa individualidade ditar para tentarmos ser felizes. Outra é negativa, já que resulta das colossais diferenças de oportunidades e poder com que cada um enfrenta a vida, criando desequilíbrios e desigualdades profundas no tecido social. Susana Peralta, reputada economista e professora de Economia, analisa o país e as pessoas no rebentar da maior crise global do século XXI: uma crise sanitária, económica e social sem precedentes e com consequências devastadoras, que nos obriga a um olhar crítico sobre o nosso passado, presente e futuro.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the financial integration of emerging economies through an in-depth analysis of the international…monetary system, how it impacts capital flows and exchange rates, and its implications for policy making. The financial integration of emerging economies has been a remarkable development of the past two decades. The growth of cross-border transactions and asset ownership, not least through the accumulation of foreign exchange reserves, has put many of these countries in a more prominent, if still peripheral, position within the global financial system. This has not been a smooth process, as integration has been marked by cyclical waves of capital flows, with financial and currency instability often accompanying the acute phases of these cycles. While conventional economic theory traditionally sees financial integration as a positive development, Post-Keynesian economists, working in the tradition of Keynes, Minsky and Kalecki, have long taken a more sceptical viewpoint. By centring the analysis of financial dynamics on concepts as liquidity, uncertainty, balance-sheet structures and institutions, Post-Keynesian theory highlights the intrinsic character of shocks imposed by financial integration upon emerging economies, and their implications for economic growth and distribution. This book demonstrates that these analyses can be fruitfully used to gain a better understanding of financial (in)stability and economic development in emerging economies as they integrate into the global financial system. This work provides key reading for students and scholars of economics, political economy and finance that are interested in the financial integration of emerging economies, and how the heterodox tradition of Post-Keynesian economics contributes to its analysis.
The intellectual trajectory of Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish Nobel Laureate economist, sociologist, and politician, brings us through many of the major…issues in the world economy and politics of the 20th century. This new volume explores Myrdal's work on three major themes: breaking away from conventional assumptions in Political Economy (and highlighting flaws that can still be found in today’s teachings on Political Economy); finding ways of re-creating Europe after WW II, including the discussions between liberal Americans and European social democrats on how to create a more cooperative and socially just international order; and understanding the impact or environmental concerns on growth and development, starting with Myrdal’s participation in the first UN Conference on Environment in Stockholm 1960 and continuing with his later writings. What is then the relevance of these themes today? In times when financial crisis threatens to block international and domestic economies, when the European Union’s promises of prosperity and cooperation seems to be severely threatened and when there is a large consensus that current modes of economic development are ecologically unsustainable: can we find ways of transcending seemingly intractable dilemmas? These questions will be discussed in the final part of the book.
By Anton Van Harskamp. 1996
Through detailed case studies, the contributors look at conflicts in social science arguing that they must be resolved at the…level of the individual discipline rather than at the level of philosopy. They explore different ways in which social scientists deal with the tension of being simultaneously party to a conflict and a contributor its settlement.
By David Kauders. 2020
This book shows that all schemes that borrow from the future are thwarted by three related concepts: • the true…cost of debt to society, • the central banking economic cycle, and • the financial system limit. The author challenges the existing academic and political consensus about how economies should be managed. Estimates show that one-fifth of all economic output is spent on paying interest: this is too high an overhead and should not be allowed to increase. The old arguments about sound money versus stimulus, as well as contemporary arguments that governments controlling their own currency can create as much credit as they wish, are fundamentally inappropriate to the deflationary world that we are moving towards. Whether you are a concerned individual, an academic, politician, banker or even a policymaker, read about a different view of the current financial orthodoxies, one that will provoke serious debate and even action. “Radical thinkers might have a point” was how the Financial Times described the author’s first book The Greatest Crash: How contradictory policies are sinking the global economy, This new book offers further original thought.
The Nordic Economic, Social and Political Model: Challenges in the 21st Century (Perspectives in Economic and Social History)
By Anu Koivunen; Jari Ojala; Janne Holmén. 2021
The Nordic Model is the 20th-century Scandinavian recipe for combining stable democracies, individual freedom, economic growth and comprehensive systems for…social security. But what happens when Sweden and Finland – two countries topping global indexes for competitiveness, productivity, growth, quality of life, prosperity, and equality – start doubting themselves and their future? Is the Nordic Model at a crossroads? Historically, consensus, continuity, social cohesion, and broad social trust have been hailed as key components for the success and for the self-images of Sweden and Finland. In the contemporary, however, political debates in both countries are increasingly focused on risks, threats, and worry. Social disintegration, political polarization, geopolitical anxieties, and threat of terrorism are often dominant themes. This book focuses on what appears to be a paradox: countries with low income differences, high faith in social institutions, and relatively high cultural homogeneity becoming fixated on the fear of polarization, disintegration, and diminished social trust. Unpacking the presentist discourse of "worry" and a sense of interregnum at the face of geopolitical tensions, digitalization, and globalization, as well as challenges to democracy, the chapters take steps back in time and explore the current conjecture through the eyes of historians and social scientists, addressing key aspects of and challenges to both the contemporary and future Nordic Model. In addition, the functioning and efficacy of the participatory democracy and current protocols of decision-making are debated. This work is essential reading for students and scholars of the welfare state, social reforms, and populism, as well as Nordic and Scandinavian studies.
The UK’s departure from the EU has profoundly affected the politics and economics of Northern Ireland. Brexit has shattered a…political accommodation that was taking shape in the region that involved nationalism and unionism reframing from aggressively pursuing their own objectives or making excessive demands on each other. Economically, it has made the task of building an innovative economy in the region immeasurably more difficult. Without radical change, Northern Ireland is destined to be an economic outhouse of an under-performing UK economy. This book represents the first systematic study of the impact of Brexit on the political and economic future of Northern Ireland and Ireland. It provides a detailed assessment of the consequences of the Belfast Agreement and highlights how Brexit imperils the advances that have been made since its signing in 1998. It makes a dispassionate assessment of the changes that may be necessary to create a stronger Northern Ireland economy. On the one hand, demands for the immediate unification of Ireland that are now being made loudly and persistently by nationalists and republicans are considered too precipitous. The two economies on the island are not yet ready for Irish unity. On the other hand, the book argues that the case for a radical reorientation of the Northern Ireland economy through the incremental creation of an all-Ireland economy. The book cuts through the rhetoric that characterizes so much discussion about the Northern Ireland economy and provides a hard-headed appraisal of not only its structure and performance, but also the economic feasibility of Irish unity.
By Henry Hazlitt. 1979
A million copy seller, Henry Hazlitt's Economics in One Lesson is a classic economic primer. But it is also much…more, having become a fundamental influence on modern "libertarian" economics of the type espoused by Ron Paul and others.Considered among the leading economic thinkers of the "Austrian School," which includes Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises, Friedrich (F.A.) Hayek, and others, Henry Hazlitt (1894-1993), was a libertarian philosopher, an economist, and a journalist. He was the founding vice-president of the Foundation for Economic Education and an early editor of The Freeman magazine, an influential libertarian publication. Hazlitt wrote Economics in One Lesson, his seminal work, in 1946. Concise and instructive, it is also deceptively prescient and far-reaching in its efforts to dissemble economic fallacies that are so prevalent they have almost become a new orthodoxy.Many current economic commentators across the political spectrum have credited Hazlitt with foreseeing the collapse of the global economy which occurred more than 50 years after the initial publication of Economics in One Lesson. Hazlitt's focus on non-governmental solutions, strong -- and strongly reasoned -- anti-deficit position, and general emphasis on free markets, economic liberty of individuals, and the dangers of government intervention make Economics in One Lesson, every bit as relevant and valuable today as it has been since publication.From the Trade Paperback edition.