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First published in 1983. This anthology of sixty-nine essays drawn from fourteen different journals was assembled in order to reproduce… in convenient form some of the more important articles on British painting published from 1849 to 1860 in Great Britain. Reviews of major exhibitions form a large part of the collection, but essays treating individual artists, discussions of the effect of state patronage of the arts and attempts to assess the uniqueness of the English tradition of painting are also included. This title will be of great interest to students of Art History.
When originally published in 1984, and based on archival research, this book was the first fully documented discussion of German… naval strategy and planning from 1862-1914 against France, Russia, Great Britain, the United States and Japan. The book is a complete study of the relationship of the navy to Prusso-German power politics both in terms of the complexity of the problems discussed and in the length of the period covered. It will be invaluable to students of naval and military history, strategy and diplomacy, as well as those of German history.
This title, first published in 1984, focuses primarily on the early Industrial Revolution (c. 1780-1820) in the Stockport district. As… the Industrial Revolution in England was the first instance of successful industrialisation, it can still provide many social and economic lessons and also furnish essential evidence for continuing debate over ideology and theory. Therefore, this title will be of interest to students of both history and economics.
By Selma Stern. 1984
The period of court absolutism and early capitalism extended from the end of the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. A new… world view was created, along with a new type of individual possessing new economic orientations to the marketplace and new social attitudes deriving from such concerns. The unified political and religious world of medieval Europe broke into parts: national differentiation and religious options abounded. The autonomy of the nation-state created a need for new attitudes toward religious minorities, even despised ones such as the Jews. The court Jew phenomenon, as Selma Stern details, was inextricably linked to these larger developments, including the emancipation of Jews as a whole. Dr. Stern's work is an effort to reconstruct this unusual group of Jews who became politically and economically influential and through that mechanism were able to enhance Jewish community life as a whole. In his very existence the court Jew necessarily enlarged, beyond its original meaning, the concept of free expression in European societies.As the dominating idea of defending one church and one emperor collapsed under the weight of the new European system of power balances, a new conception of the Jew developed, one of a transforming agent in economic and political positions. With trade no longer condemned as sinful, collecting interest for loans no longer prohibited, and the merchant no longer compared to a thief, the Jewish money changer and tradesman came to be viewed in a more favorable light. In this new environment, the claims of Christianity remained supreme, but the rights of religious minorities were considered.At the time of the book's initial appearance, the Saturday Review hailed it as a "picturesque work giving evidence of great writing talent." The reviewer went on to note that "Dr. Stern's work provided exhaustive historical background of European Jewry - from 1650 to 1750 - that period during which the modern European genius emerged." Dr. Stern's work relies heavily upon European archives up to 1938, when the advances of Nazism made further work impossible. As a result, what was started in Europe was completed in America.
Originally published in 1984 this volume presents the first systematic analysis of the cultural sources of the Pan German League’s… appeal and influence in Imperial Germany. It focuses on the symbolic dimensions of the League’s literature and activities, in order to explain the attraction of the League’s aggressive ideology to certain social groups. In addition it examines the relationship between the League and other patriotic societies in Imperial Germany and analyses the processes by which the organization succeeded, on the eve of the First World War, in mobilizing a broad ‘national opposition’ to the German government. The study draws on concepts from psychology and anthropology, and its documentary foundation includes archival material from both the former East and West Germany.
By Peter Zwick. 1983
According to the generally accepted view that nationalism is alien to communism and that internationalism disallows divisions based on nations,… the existence of national communism is often interpreted as a sign of the breakup of the world communist movement. This book reexamines the evidence on the role of nations and national variations, beginning with Marx and moving through Leninism and Stalinism to Titoism, Maoism, Castroism, and current national liberation movements (e.g., in Nicaragua). Professor Zwick concludes that nationalism has always been an inherent element of communism. He demonstrates with numerous concrete cases that, rather than signaling the decline of communism, national adaptation is the source of its strength. The limits of national variation as defined by the Brezhnev Doctrine are precisely defined and examined in the cases of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. The book bridges the gap between Marxist theory and communist practice with respect to the central role that nationalism will continue to play in the contemporary world. No other study presents this material in a cross-national, comparative perspective.
By Jon T. Coleman. 2020
An award‑winning environmental historian explores American history through wrenching, tragic, and sometimes humorous stories of getting lost The human species… has a propensity for getting lost. The American people, inhabiting a mental landscape shaped by their attempts to plant roots and to break free, are no exception. In this engaging book, environmental historian Jon Coleman bypasses the trailblazers so often described in American history to follow instead the strays and drifters who went missing. From Hernando de Soto&’s failed quest for riches in the American southeast to the recent trend of getting lost as a therapeutic escape from modernity, this book details a unique history of location and movement as well as the confrontations that occur when our physical and mental conceptions of space become disjointed. Whether we get lost in the woods, the plains, or the digital grid, Coleman argues that getting lost allows us to see wilderness anew and connect with generations across five centuries to discover a surprising and edgy American identity.
A History of the Islamic World, 600–1800 supplies a fresh and unique survey of the formation of the Islamic world… and the key developments that characterize this broad region’s history from late antiquity up to the beginning of the modern era. Containing two chronological parts and fourteen chapters, this impressive overview explains how different tides in Islamic history washed ashore diverse sets of leadership groups, multiple practices of power and authority, and dynamic imperial and dynastic discourses in a theocratic age. A text that transcends many of today’s popular stereotypes of the premodern Islamic past, the volume takes a holistically and theoretically informed approach for understanding, interpreting, and teaching premodern history of Islamic West-Asia. Jo Van Steenbergen identifies the Asian connectedness of the sociocultural landscapes between the Nile in the southwest to the Bosporus in the northwest, and the Oxus (Amu Darya) and Jaxartes (Syr Darya) in the northeast to the Indus in the southeast. This abundantly illustrated book also offers maps and dynastic tables, enabling students to gain an informed understanding of this broad region of the world. This book is an essential text for undergraduate classes on Islamic History, Medieval and Early Modern History, Middle East Studies, and Religious History.
By Gerard Braunthal. 1983
The fall of the West German government in 1982 ended the 13-year rule of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) as… the senior coalition partner under Chancellors Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt. In perpetual opposition from 1949 to 1966, the Social Democrats finally entered the government as the junior coalition party in 1966; three years later they assumed primary responsibility for guiding the nation. The central theme of this detailed examination of the SPD during its years of governance is that social and economic forces in the nation had a major effect, often unsettling, on the party at a time when it had achieved the pinnacle of political power. Significant changes in the party's organization, membership, leadership, factionalism, ideology, and voter support limited its role within the political system (in the executive and legislative branches) and its influence on domestic and foreign policies. Yet, its ability to remain in power for a comparatively long period attests to its strength and respectability among the voting public. Dr. Gerard Braunthal draws on a wealth of documentation, some unpublished, located primarily in German archives and libraries. In addition, he interviewed more than 120 persons, ranging from the top SPD leaders to staff officials, members, and other specialists, to gain a greater understanding of a party that is one of the most powerful in Western Europe and in the social democratic world, and whose organization has been a model of the twentieth-century mass party.
By Walter Korpi. 1983
First published in 1983. This book combines a case study of class relations, politics and voting in Sweden with a… comparative analysis of distributive conflicts and politics in eighteen OECD countries. Its underlying theoretical theme is the development of class relations in free-enterprise or capitalise democracies. This title will be of interest to students of history and politics.
First published in 1983. Amilcar Cabral was one of Africa’s leading revolutionary figures. Universally recognised as the founding father at… the independent state of Guiné-Bissau, he was also the first truly important political thinker to have emerged from Africa’s two decades of revolution. This book was the first publication to present a critical analysis of his standing as a political theorist. Born in 1925 in the then Portuguese colony of Guiné, Cabral devoted his life to the liberation of his people from colonialism and was instrumental in founding the PAIGC, the African Party for the Independence of Guiné and Cape Verde. He was assassinated early in 1973, but the PAIGC continued his task and Guiné-Bissau gained independence in September 1973. Guiné’s revolution came late, but it was a genuine revolution and, like all revolutions, was accompanied by a theory of its own. That theory is found in the writings of Cabral. In this study Jack McCulloch explains that, because of the conjunction of a number of historical factors, the revolution in Guiné assumed an importance for out of proportion to the size or economic significance of the country, and shows that consequently Cabral’s theory has come to have an historical significance of its own. This account of Cabral’s political theory demonstrates clearly that the effect of Cabral’s career was to help bring down the last of the great colonial empires in Africa and, in the realm of theory, to dismantle the central shibboleths of African socialism.
By Brigitta Young. 1984
This book challenges the conventional view that the present low yields of the Soviet agricultural system result primarily from its… institutional structure, demonstrating that other factors are of equal or greater importance. Ms. Young examines two alternative explanations: first, that weather is the dominant force underlying trends in Soviet grain
By Peter M. Volten. 1983
Dr Volten analyses the foreign policy-making process in the Soviet Union, particularly in connection with the Brezhnev's Peace programme in… the 1970s, which was supposed to normalise political-economic relations with the West and curb military rivalry.
By Karl De Schweinitz Jr. 1983
A great deal of argument about the theory and practice of imperialism has been generated in recent years, much of… it Eurocentric and much of it focusing on the causes of imperialism. In this singularly clear and perceptive study, first published in 1983, Karl de Schweinitz concentrates instead on a view of imperialism as a coercive relationship
Kaplan's AP World History: Modern Prep Plus 2020 & 2021 is completely restructured and aligned with the 2020 exam changes.… This edition features 1,000 practice questions, full-length practice tests, and concise review of the most-tested content to quickly build your skills and confidence. With bite-sized, test-like practice sets, expert strategies, and customizable study plans, our guide fits your schedule.To access your online resources, go to kaptest.com/moreonline and follow the directions. You'll need your book handy to complete the process.Efficient Strategies Prep. Realistic Practice.Six full-length practice exams and an online test-scoring tool to convert your raw score into a 1–5 scaled scorePre- and post-quizzes in each chapter so you can monitor your progressCustomizable study plans tailored to your individual goals and prep timeFocused content review on the essential concepts to help you make the most of your study timeOnline quizzes for additional practiceTest-taking strategies designed specifically for AP World History: ModernExpert GuidanceWe know the test—our AP experts make sure our practice questions and study materials are true to the exam.We know students—every explanation is written to help you learn, and our tips on the exam structure and question formats will help you avoid surprises on Test Day.We invented test prep—Kaplan (www.kaptest.com) has been helping students for 80 years, and 9 out of 10 Kaplan students get into one or more of their top-choice colleges.
By John Erickson. 1984
The Road to Stalingrad is designed to investigate the kind of war the Soviet Union waged, the nature of command… decisions and the machinery of decision-making, the course of military operations, the emergence of Soviet 'war aims', and the Soviet style of war with Germany.
This bibliography, a project of is intended as an aid to research on and cultural aspects of contemporary ship between… Jews and the non-Jewish material published in 1976 and 1977. the Institute of Jewish Affairs, the historical, social, political, Jewish life and on the relationworld. The present volume covers The Bibliography includes primarily nonfiction works published outside Israel by both Jewish and non-Jewish authors; it excludes belles lettres (with the exception of documentary novels and memoirs) and religious studies. Entries are arranged by subject, with cross-references wherever applicable; a cumulative index of names and a list of periodicals are provided at the end of the volume.
Originally published in 1984 this book provided the first German case study of a prototypical 19th Century social problem, combining… a discussion of popular drinking behaviour with analysis of efforts to reform it on the parts of both middle class temperance reformers and the socialist labour movement. The book links the study of popular drinking behaviour and organized responses to it to larger themes in Germany’s social and political development, providing an important window on topics such as working class dietary standards to the political mentality of the Bildungsbügertum.
By Walter Laqueur. 1984
This book deals with guerrilla warfare; it does not aim at presenting a universal theory, for such a theory would… be either exceedingly vague or exceedingly wrong. The present volume is the first part of a wider study which, the author believes, has not been attempted before - a critical interpretation of guerrilla and terrorist theory and practice
By Paul Whiteley. 1983
First published in 1983. This study draws upon empirical findings on party activists, members and voters. It examines the origins… and nature of Labour’s crisis in the 1980s, showing how the split leading to the formation of the SDP was merely a manifestation of deeply rooted problems which went back many years. It argues that this crisis had three distinct but interrelated aspects: first, the ideological schism within the party, which had grown in intensity over time; second, the electoral crisis, which produced the worst electoral performance at the 1983 general election since 1918; and, third, the membership crisis arising from the fact that the party had been losing more than 11,000 individual members per year on average since 1945. Using elite and mass surveys the book demonstrates the link between these crises and Labour’s policy performance in office set against a background of rapid economic decline.