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By Irene S. Rubin. 2008
Some of the best writings on public budgeting and finance can be found in the journals that ASPA publishes or…sponsors. For this volume editor Irene Rubin has brought together the best of these articles - emerging classics that address the most important theoretical and practical problems underlying public budgeting. The anthology is organized topically rather than historically, with an effort to delineate the issues needed to understand some of the more recent controversies in the field. Rubin's introductory essay and section openers frame the key issues and provide historical context for each article. The collection begins with descriptions of what public budgeting is, where it comes from, and what it is for. It moves on to the relationship between budget processes and outcomes, constraints on budgeting, the legal context in which it operates, and adaptations to those constraints such as contracting out. The book concludes with a discussion of the ethics and norms that underlie budgeting in a democracy. Throughout the anthology, the emphasis is on areas of disagreement and debate, so students can get involved and explore different viewpoints.
By Lynn T Drennan, Allan McConnell, Alastair Stark. 2015
Every decision that is made by managers and policy-makers in a public sector organization requires an evaluation and a judgement…of the risks involved. This vital requirement has been recognised in the growth of risk management. However, risks can never be fully prevented, which means that public managers also have to be crisis managers. Today’s crises develop in unseen ways; they escalate rapidly and transform through the interdependencies of modern society, and their frequency is growing: the global financial crisis, the European volcanic ash cloud, the Japanese tsunami and subsequent Fukushima nuclear plant meltdown, the Christchurch earthquake and the Queensland floods. All highlight the extreme challenges that public sector organizations across the world have had to face in recent years. Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector Second Edition responds to these challenges by presenting the only guide for public managers and public management students which combines lessons about risk and crisis management together in a single, accessible text. It equips readers and public managers with the knowledge and skills to understand key issues and debates, as well as the capacity to treat risks and better prepare for, respond to and recover from crisis episodes. This exciting new edition enhances the original text with contemporary cases and a greater focus on the international, trans-boundary and multi-agency dimensions of risk and crisis management. These enhancements reflect the fact that today’s public manager must increasingly operate within a global and interdependent governance context.
By Kerry Brown, Stephen P. Osborne. 2005
The context and environment of public services is becoming increasingly complex and the management of change and innovation is now…a core task for the successful public manager. This text aims to provide its readers with the skills necessary to understand, manage and sustain change and innovation in public service organizations. Key features include: the use of figures, tables and boxes to highlight ideas and concepts of central importance a dedicated case study to serve as a focus for discussion and learning, and to marry theory with practice clear learning objectives for each chapter with suggestions for further reading.Providing future and current public managers with the understanding and skills required to manage change and innovation, this groundbreaking text is essential reading for all those studying public management, public administration and public policy.
By Holley H. Ulbrich. 2012
The events of the last decade have challenged the contemporary neo-classical synthesis in all branches of economics, but particularly public…finance. The most notable feature of the 2nd edition of Public Finance in Theory and Practice is the infusion of behavioral economics throughout the text, with an end of chapter question inviting the student to apply a behavioral lens to some question or issue. There continues to be an emphasis on the importance of the institutional context, drawing on examples from many countries and emphasizing the role of lower level governments in a federal system. The first five chapters establish this context by reviewing the role of government in a market system, the description of government structure from an economic perspective, the basic data about revenue and expenditures, the elements of public choice, and the distributional role of government. The book has been substantially reorganized to put more emphasis on public expenditure. Expanded treatment of public goods includes common property resources and congestible or club goods. Expanded discussion of budgeting and cost-benefit analysis provides some practical application of the theory. Updated discussions of social security, public education and health care address these three major contemporary public finance issues. The traditional emphasis on revenue (taxes, fees and grants) has been retained but follows rather than precedes the discussion of expenditures.
By Hubert Kempf. 2022
This textbook explains the notion of monetary union, highlighting the key concepts, procedures, and challenges involved. The book is organized…in three parts. In the first part, the reader learns about monetary issues, like definitions and typology of monetary unions, rationale of monetary unions, monetary policy, monetary institutional matters. The second part is devoted to fiscal matters and the interplay between fiscal and monetary policies, such as deficits, transfers, public debt sustainability issues, fiscal policy, policy mix. The last part focuses on other distinct but related issues, necessary to complete the union: banking and fiscal unions, structural adjustments in a monetary union. It ends with a chapter on the fate of monetary unions: how they develop, mature and sometimes dissolve.The book addresses students at undergraduate and graduate level, interested in a better understanding of international macroeconomics and monetary unions, as well as policy-makers, practitioners and economists in central banks, ministries of economics, economic institutions and banks.
By Harland Prechel. 2020
In Normalized Financial Wrongdoing, Harland Prechel examines how social structural arrangements that extended corporate property rights and increased managerial control…opened the door for misconduct and, ultimately, the 2008 financial crisis. Beginning his analysis with the financialization of the home-mortgage market in the 1930s, Prechel shows how pervasive these arrangements had become by the end of the century, when the bank and energy sectors developed political strategies to participate in financial markets. His account adopts a multilevel approach that considers the political and legal landscapes in which corporations are embedded to answer two questions: how did banks and financial firms transition from being providers of capital to financial market actors? Second, how did new organizational structures cause market participants to engage in high-risk activities? After careful historical analysis, Prechel examines how organizational and political-legal arrangements contribute to current record-high income and wealth inequality, and considers societal preconditions for change.
By Felix I. Lessambo. 2022
Economic growth and development critically depends on the quality of infrastructure. Each aspect of the economy and its infrastructure are…linked systemically. Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are increasingly being promoted as the solution to the shortfall in financing needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Public-private partnerships enable the public entity to utilize the expertise and efficiencies of the private sector to deliver services and facilities that traditionally have been delivered by the public sector, either through public sector employees or by traditional procurement methods. To be beneficial to all stakeholders, a PPP project requires careful planning, implementation, and strong governance. This book breaks down the steps involved and the traps to circumvent.Despite its globally growing importance, project finance has been somewhat underrepresented in research. This book analyzes project finance from an interdisciplinary perspective—finance, management, and international business—and includes international laws of arbitrage and perspectives of international financial institutions as never endeavored by any previous research projects. The book also includes case studies assessing the relevance of private-public partnerships by comparing the country expectations and the real outcomes. The gap between expectations and results does not necessarily mean that significant progress has not been made. To the contrary, the book suggests that some of the original targets set may have been unrealistic, and that the requisite financial resources—or the financial sector policies that could have generated those resources—may have been lacking.
By Robert N. Lussier, Herbert Sherman. 2022
Understanding the interrelationship of business, society and government is vital to working at any level in an organization of any…size. This text develops strategic management skills using an applied ethics approach primarily through a case study analysis pedagogy to develop and implement ethical strategies in today’s high-tech global community. The authors crystallize the complex array of issues that business leaders, managers, and employees face in market and nonmarket environments, from balancing stakeholder interests and dealing with government regulations to managing crises and making socially responsible and ethical decisions. Technical concepts come to life through a variety of cases and case questions, thought-provoking personal and professional applications, ethical dilemmas, and practical exercises. Furthermore, an appendix offers approaches to case analysis and includes a case analysis table that serves as a model for students and professors. Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition includes discussions on the influence of globalization and technology, the impact of COVID-19, and greater focus on developing ethical strategies. With its thorough coverage of relevant issues and skill-building elements to stimulate critical thinking, this text will engage and prepare students to understand and confront real-world business issues by developing and implementing ethical strategies through case analysis of companies and analysis of organizational ethical dilemmas.
If you’re like most people, you want nothing more than a fair shot in life: a chance to seek out…opportunities, work hard, and make your own way in this world. But as author Allen Marshall explains in How You Got Screwed, the game has been rigged, making it almost impossible for you to win. How You Got Screwed explains exactly how the rules have been made to favor those in charge. Consider the financial system, which steals your earning power with money that doesn’t hold its value and lets banks break the law practically without consequence. Think about our politicians, who serve their donors and lobbyists, and a government more interested in serving itself than its people. And remember big business, which uses its money and political power to twist the rules in their favor, hurting you as a consumer, employee, and citizen.Yes, the cards are stacked against you. But that’s only if you play by their rules. It’s time to play your own game—and How You Got Screwed is your guide to making the system work for you.
By Ben S. Bernanke. 2022
21st Century Monetary Policy takes readers inside the Federal Reserve, explaining what it does and why. In response to the…COVID-19 pandemic, the Federal Reserve deployed an extraordinary range of policy tools that helped prevent the collapse of the financial system and the U.S. economy. Chair Jerome Powell and his colleagues lent directly to U.S. businesses, purchased trillions of dollars of government securities, pumped dollars into the international financial system, and crafted a new framework for monetary policy that emphasized job creation. These strategies would have astonished Powell’s late-20th-century predecessors, from William McChesney Martin to Alan Greenspan, and the advent of these tools raises new questions about the future landscape of economic policy. In 21st Century Monetary Policy, Ben S. Bernanke—former chair of the Federal Reserve and one of the world’s leading economists—explains the Fed’s evolution and speculates on its future. Taking a fresh look at the bank’s policymaking over the past seventy years, including his own time as chair, Bernanke shows how changes in the economy have driven the Fed’s innovations. He also lays out new challenges confronting the Fed, including the return of inflation, cryptocurrencies, increased risks of financial instability, and threats to its independence. Beyond explaining the central bank’s new policymaking tools, Bernanke also captures the drama of moments when so much hung on the Fed’s decisions, as well as the personalities and philosophies of those who led the institution.
In Quest of Humane Development: Human Development, Community Networking and Public Service Delivery in India (India Studies in Business and Economics)
By Byasdeb Dasgupta, Archita Ghosh, Bishakha Ghosh, Prasenjit Sarkhel. 2022
This book presents a multidimensional perspective on the interlinkage between human development, community characteristics and public service delivery with special…reference to India. The chapters in the book analyze the influence of public service delivery on human development from neo-classical as well as Marxian point of view. Thus, the expositions in the book provides a balanced mix of macro and micro approaches in the study of development. The analytical discussions are supplemented by case studies and empirical estimates so as to demonstrate the applicability of the theory and the theoretical discourse about human development, community network and the success and failures of critical public services in the Indian context. The methodology followed in the chapters involves critical survey of existing literature, case studies, field survey and use of econometric techniques as well as statistical tools of index construction. While contributors are primarily scholars from neo-classical economics discipline, some are intellectuals from the field of political economy and development studies. Given the wide array of development perspectives, this book is of interest not only to students and researcher of development economics, social science and management, but also a valuable reading for development practitioners and policy makers, who would be interested in understanding how community and public institutions interact to determine access to health, education and social security services that shapes the wellbeing of disadvantaged populations. The lessons and implications are extremely pertinent to other emerging economies, in particular those in South Asia.
Public Private Partnerships Renegotiations in Transportation: Case Studies from Portugal (Competitive Government: Public Private Partnerships)
By Carlos Oliveira Cruz, Joaquim Miranda Sarmento. 2022
There is a growing interest in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), particularly in infrastructure and public services. Under the scope of PPPs,…renegotiations are becoming more relevant, as empirical evidence suggests that most PPP projects are inevitably renegotiated, i.e., the original contract needs to be adapted to new and unforeseen circumstances. Renegotiations have a substantial impact on the contract and performance of a PPP and usually represent significant costs for users and taxpayers. However, very little is known about the management and, mainly, the process of renegotiating that will, very likely, occur. This book provides a set of case-studies of PPP renegotiations in the transport sector. The authors illustrate the Portuguese experience, a country that has been using PPP extensively, particularly in transport. The case studies provide an extensive and detailed analysis on each aspect of the project and the renegotiation. What drives renegotiations? Why are some projects more renegotiated than others? What are the results? How can the performance of renegotiation processes be improved? These and other questions provide the basis for the discussions in this book. The novelty and value of the book come mainly from the extent of information available. Each case-study deals with these questions in much more detail than what is common in the case-studies approach.
The social, political, and economic environment is ripe with opportunity to engage women and their philanthropy. Professionals working in the…field of philanthropy want ideas, practical information, research, and guidance about how to work with women donors, how to build women’s philanthropy initiatives, and how to integrate this subset of donors into their current fund development departments. This book offers insight into the three historical waves of women’s philanthropy and provides a summary of current research and inspiring stories collected from interviews with more than 70 women philanthropists and leaders. Each chapter begins with current research, followed by interviews and examples, and ends with suggestions for fundraisers on how to implement the information into a women’s philanthropy initiative using a six-step process: Awareness, Assessment, Alignment, Action, Acknowledgement and Achievement. The last several chapters focus on lessons learned from successful programs in traditional organizational settings—healthcare, higher education, and environment—and what we have yet to learn from the new and emerging philanthropic models led by Laurene Powell Jobs, Priscilla Chan, Melinda Gates, Nancy Roob, and MacKenzie Scott. Throughout the book, themes of equity, diversity, and inclusion are evident and featured in stories and programs led by women of color and younger donors. Additionally, COVID has impacted how fundraisers work, requiring the philanthropy community to adapt and create new ways to reach women donors. The final chapter is a call to action to all women, to give bigger and bolder as the fourth wave of women’s philanthropy rises.
By Tarak Nath Sahu, Sudarshan Maity. 2022
The book portrays the scope and dimension of different financial inclusion strategies. It looks at the role and potential of…banks involved in financial inclusion. This book focuses on the importance of financial inclusion and in measuring its important determinants. It provides an empirical insight into how the different factors influence financial inclusion of a nation, providing a guideline to the banks and the regulators to select an effective structure of bank branch and efficient composition, to ensure best utilization of their devoted resources in the context of a developing economy.
By Jennifer Percival. 2022
Access. Inclusion. Diversity. All people deserve to be embraced by their community. Autism Friendly Cities: How to Create an Inclusive…Community is the first book designed to guide city leadership and staff through the process of evaluation, training, implementation, and developing an Autism Friendly initiative that will help you open your doors to everyone. People with autism should be able to participate in all that is offered and facilitated by their city, including services, activities, events, and points of connection. Being an Autism Friendly City is not only socially responsible, but will improve engagement, outreach, economic development, and resident satisfaction.
City governments are going bankrupt. Even the ones that aren’t are often stuck in financial chaos. It is easy to…blame pensions, poor leadership, or a bad economy. But the problems go much deeper. With decades of experience in local government, author Mark Moses showcases the inside world of the city decision-making process that has spawned these crises. It becomes clear: City governments are maxing out their budgets because they are trying to maximize services. This book, likely the most ambitious attempt by someone who has worked in government to radically examine the delivery of municipal services since 'Reinventing Government' was published more than 25 years ago, explores why city governments pursue an open-ended mission and why bailouts and trendy budgeting processes will be, at best, only temporary solutions. Of interest to current and future city council members, regional and state government officials, those covering city government, financial analysts, city management, and individuals and organizations interested in influencing city policy, this book argues that cities won’t thrive until city hall is disrupted.
By Joachim Weimann. 2022
Stellen Sie sich vor, ein demokratischer Staat muss ein komplexes Problem lösen. Der Lösung muss eine Mehrheit der Bevölkerung zustimmen.…Es stehen zwei Lösungen zur Wahl: Eine komplizierte, die schwer zu verstehen ist, das Problem aber löst und eine einfache, die leicht verständlich dargestellt werden kann, aber falsch ist, und das Problem nicht löst. Welche wird die Wahl gewinnen? Vermutlich die leichte, falsche Lösung. Wir Menschen tragen den „sense making Trieb“ in uns. Wir wollen verstehen, was um uns herum geschieht. Die Welt ist aber zu schwierig und zu kompliziert, um sie tatsächlich begreifen zu können. Das macht die leichten Scheinlösungen so verführerisch. Wir lieben sie, weil sie uns vorgaukeln, wir wüssten Bescheid. Politiker wissen das und bedienen uns mit leichter Kost und die Medien wissen es auch. Das führt zu der Frage: Sind Demokratien mit Ihrer breiten politischen Mitbestimmung überhaupt in der Lage, die hochkomplexen Probleme unserer Zeit zu lösen? Früher hat uns das Denken in weltanschaulichen Bahnen geholfen. Aber die Zeit ist darüber hinweggegangen und heute gibt keine klaren "linken" oder "rechten" Lösungen mehr. Wir brauchen deshalb dringend neue Wege, um als Demokratie zu überleben.
Theoretical Analyses of Commodity Tax in an Oligopolistic Market (New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives #57)
By Minoru Kunizaki, Kazuyuki Nakamura, Naoki Kakita. 2022
This book presents a comprehensive analysis of tax consequences in an oligopolistic market. It provides the reader with a systematic…and precise way of understanding the research content of tax incidence. A major feature of the book is its analysis of tax incidence from both domestic and international oligopolies. Then, by examining various oligopoly models, it approaches the essence of domestic and multilateral tax issues. Starting with the general theory of commodity tax incidence in an oligopoly, the topics addressed in this book include tax reform, environmental regulation, and policy coordination in international oligopolies. In addition to the usual oligopoly model, managerial oligopoly, the public pricing problem for firms in an oligopoly, and mixed oligopoly are dealt with. By presenting individual issues and explaining the relevance of each topic, this book is highly recommended for readers interested in policymaking and the global market in relation to the interdisciplinary developments of public economics, regional economics, and international economics. This book is also valuable as an advanced textbook on applied economics.
By Kang Jia, Liu Wei. 2022
This book elucidates the murky realities of China's taxation system today, and advocates bold plans for change. Theorizing finance and…taxation in relation to a national political system, the authors explain the current tangled-up realities of China's creaky, inherited and uneven tax system- and put forward a plan for radical change. This book will be of interest to finance professionals, economists, and scholars of the Chinese economy. The focus is to properly handle the three basic economic and social relations between the government and the market (and the enterprises as the main market entities), between the central and local governments, and between the public power system and the citizens. This book follows the research context of problem orientation – goal orientation - practical operation, and puts forward the ideas, basic goals and paths of fiscal system reform that adapt to the modernization of national governance.
Unemployment and the Informal Economy: Lessons From a Study of Lithuania (SpringerBriefs in Economics)
By Colin C. Williams, Ligita Gasparėnienė, Rita Remeikienė. 2022
This Brief examines the dynamics between the informal economy and unemployment rates, the causes of informality, its consequences and potential…reduction measures at both the theoretical and empirical level. Using Lithuania as a case study, this book tests the assumption that participation in the informal economy is largely by the unemployed in emerging economies. Chapters present a systematic and comparative literature analysis, a quantitative survey of participation in the Lithuanian informal economy, especially among the unemployed, an expert evaluation involving representatives of municipalities in charge of the issues of employment, and a statistical analysis of the results. Challenging traditional narratives around the informal economy, this Brief is targeted at academic and postgraduate researchers studying labor economics, public economics, human resource management, industrial relations, and economic sociology.