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By Rachael Davenhill; Matthew Patrick. 1999
Clinical audit can be a powerful tool for change, but is often perceived as externally-imposed time-wasting. Focusing on applications of…clinical audit in psychoanalytic psychotherapy NHS services, the authors examine why audit is resented, how it can be 'reconstructed' as a useful tool for clinicals, and provide real-life examples of good practice. More than a simple 'how-to', this book provides new rnderstanding of a persistent problem in health-care organisations and will be of interest to all mental health staff, trainees and service managers.
By Gregory Minissale. 2021
This book examines the psychology involved in handling, and responding to, materials in artistic practice, such as oils, charcoal, brushes,…canvas, earth, and sand. Artists often work with intuitive, tactile sensations and rhythms that connect them to these materials. Rhythm connects the brain and body to the world, and the world of abstract art. The book features new readings of artworks by Matisse, Pollock, Dubuffet, Tápies, Benglis, Len Lye, Star Gossage, Shannon Novak, Simon Ingram, Lee Mingwei, L. N. Tallur and many others. Such art challenges centuries of philosophical and aesthetic order that has elevated the substance of mind over the substance of matter. This is a multidisciplinary study of different metastable patterns and rhythms: in art, the body, and the brain. This focus on the propagation of rhythm across domains represents a fresh art historical approach and provides important opportunities for art and science to cooperate.
By Hilary M. Lips. 2021
Psychology's study of women has revealed some themes that span cultures and countries, yet women's lived experiences in different cultures…can be dramatically different. This Element explores, from a psychological perspective, women's issues in cultural contexts. Beginning with the question of public and private identity (i.e., who 'counts' as a woman), it goes on to examine embodiment, sexuality, reproduction, family roles, economic participation and power, violence, leadership, and feminist activism. It concludes with a brief discussion of women's complicated relationship to culture: as both keepers and sometimes prisoners of cultural traditions - particularly in the context of migration to different cultures. Running through the Element are two general themes: the pervasiveness of a gender hierarchy that often privileges men over women, and the ways in which women's lived experience varies within cultures according to the intersection of gender with other categories that affect expectations, norms, power and privilege.
By Robbie Duschinsky, Tommie Forslund. 2021
As interest in attachment theory continues to grow, misconceptions of the theory are becoming increasingly common. Important texts on major…theoretical and empirical contributions are often too extensive for non-specialist readers or not readily available to clinicians. Designed to address a significant gap in literature, Attachment Theory and Research: A Readerpresents a carefully curated selection of book chapters and journal articles on the subject—complemented by previously unpublished material by the founder of the theory. This valuable new resource provides practitioners, students, policymakers, and general readers an accessible and up-to-date view of the concepts, development, and diversity of attachment theory. The Reader comprises 15 succinct chapters by many of the most influential researchers in the theory, covering the basis of attachment theory and the current state of the field. The book brings together a wide range of works, many of which challenge common assumptions and offer intriguing new insights on attachment theory and research. Topics include psychoanalytic theories of separation anxiety, concepts of anxiety, stress, and homeostasis, the origins of disorganized attachment, cultural differences in caregiving practices, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED), the future prospects of attachment theory, and more.
By Peter Dunn-Rankin, Gerald A. Knezek, Susan R. Wallace, Shuqiang Zhang. 2004
Scaling Methods is written for professionals in the behavioral sciences who analyze data that results from subjective responses. Other books…on scaling attitudes or measuring perceptions focus on the psychometrician's view of measurement. This book focuses on the users' view by concentrating on effective ways to analyze data rather than the mathematical details of how each program works. The methods included handle the majority of data analysis problems encountered and are accompanied by a software solution. Each chapter features the theory surrounding that methodology, an example, a real-world application, and a computer solution.This book introduces the major uni- and multi-dimensional scaling method techniques most common in educational, social, and psychological research. Using four primary methods of data collection--ordering, categorical rating, free clustering, and similarity judgments--Scaling Methods, Second Edition explains how such data can be represented in ways that illustrate relationships among the data and help reveal underlying dimensional structures. Each method serves as an independent unit so readers can pick and choose from a variety of easy-to-use procedures and more advanced techniques. The new edition features a new chapter on order analysis and a CD-ROM that provides stand-alone, as well as SAS supported demonstrations of multi-dimensional scaling techniques, plus programs to get raw data into matrix form. The text is written for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students in education and the social and behavioral sciences interested in analyzing data resulting from subjective responses, especially in the measurement of attitudes. Each chapter is self-contained making this an excellent resource for use in the classroom or as a self-study tool. A first course in statistics is a helpful prerequisite.
By Brian MacWhinney. 2000
Volume I is the first of two volumes that document the three components of the CHILDES Project. It is divided…into two parts which provide an introduction to the use of computational tools for studying language learning. The first part is the CHAT manual, which describes the conventions and principles of CHAT transcription and recommends specific methods for data collection and digitization. The second part is the CLAN manual, which describes the uses of the editor, sonic CHAT, and the various analytic commands. The book will be useful for both novice and experienced users of the CHILDES tools, as well as instructors and students working with transcripts of child language. Volume II describes in detail all of the corpora included in the CHILDES database. The conversational interactions in the corpora come from monolingual children and their caregivers and siblings, as well as bilingual children, older school-aged children, adult second-language learners, children with various types of language disabilities, and aphasic recovering from language loss. The database includes transcripts in 26 different languages. The CD-ROM that accompanies these volumes includes the transcript files described in Volume II. It runs on both Windows and Macintosh platforms. For more information or updates to the files, visit the CHILDES website at http://childes.psy.cmu.edu
By Earl Hunt. 2002
This is an introduction to cognitive science intended for use as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and/or graduate-level courses. In…it, the author presents the major experiments and theoretical arguments in cognitive psychology in some detail. Where appropriate, alternative theoretical arguments are offered, and in some cases the author explains that there are interesting questions to which psychologists do not yet have the answers. This book is packaged in an innovative manner. The 170-page printed textbook is actually a précis of a much longer manuscript, which is produced in the form of a CD-ROM bound into the back of the book. Each chapter of the précis references the more detailed coverage and full-color illustrations which are contained on the CD-ROM, which is provided for readers who wish to delve more deeply into the material.
Modeling Human Behavior With Integrated Cognitive Architectures: Comparison, Evaluation, and Validation
By Kevin A. Gluck, Richard W. Pew. 2006
Resulting from the need for greater realism in models of human and organizational behavior in military simulations, there has been…increased interest in research on integrative models of human performance, both within the cognitive science community generally, and within the defense and aerospace industries in particular. This book documents accomplishments and lessons learned in a multi-year project to examine the ability of a range of integrated cognitive modeling architectures to explain and predict human behavior in a common task environment that requires multi-tasking and concept learning.This unique project, called the Agent-Based Modeling and Behavior Representation (AMBR) Model Comparison, involved a series of human performance model evaluations in which the processes and performance levels of computational cognitive models were compared to each other and to human operators performing the identical tasks. In addition to quantitative data comparing the performance of the models and real human performance, the book also presents a qualitatively oriented discussion of the practical and scientific considerations that arise in the course of attempting this kind of model development and validation effort.The primary audiences for this book are people in academia, industry, and the military who are interested in explaining and predicting complex human behavior using computational cognitive modeling approaches. The book should be of particular interest to individuals in any sector working in Psychology, Cognitive Science, Artificial Intelligence, Industrial Engineering, System Engineering, Human Factors, Ergonomics and Operations Research. Any technically or scientifically oriented professional or student should find the material fully accessible without extensive mathematical background.
By Sanford L. Braver, David P. MacKinnon, Melanie Page. 2003
A greatly expanded and heavily revised second edition, this popular guide provides instructions and clear examples for running analyses of…variance (ANOVA) and several other related statistical tests of significance with SPSS. No other guide offers the program statements required for the more advanced tests in analysis of variance. All of the programs in the book can be run using any version of SPSS, including versions 11 and 11.5. A table at the end of the preface indicates where each type of analysis (e.g., simple comparisons) can be found for each type of design (e.g., mixed two-factor design). <P><P> Providing comprehensive coverage of the basic and advanced topics in ANOVA, this is the only book available that provides extensive coverage of SPSS syntax, including the commands and subcommands that tell SPSS what to do, as well as the pull-down menu point-and-click method (PAC). Detailed explanation of the syntax, including what is necessary, desired, and optional helps ensure that users can validate the analysis being performed. The book features the output of each design along with a complete explanation of the related printout. <P><P> The new edition was reorganized to provide all analysis related to one design type in the same chapter. It now features expanded coverage of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and mixed designs, new chapters on designs with random factors, multivariate designs, syntax used in PAC, and all new examples of output with complete explanations. The new edition is accompanied by a CD-ROM with all of the book's data sets, as well as exercises for each chapter. This book is ideal for readers familiar with the basic concepts of the ANOVA technique including both practicing researchers and data analysts, as well as advanced students learning analysis of variance.
By Alexander Von Eye, Eun Young Mun. 2005
Agreement among raters is of great importance in many domains. For example, in medicine, diagnoses are often provided by more…than one doctor to make sure the proposed treatment is optimal. In criminal trials, sentencing depends, among other things, on the complete agreement among the jurors. In observational studies, researchers increase reliability by examining discrepant ratings. This book is intended to help researchers statistically examine rater agreement by reviewing four different approaches to the technique.The first approach introduces readers to calculating coefficients that allow one to summarize agreements in a single score. The second approach involves estimating log-linear models that allow one to test specific hypotheses about the structure of a cross-classification of two or more raters' judgments. The third approach explores cross-classifications or raters' agreement for indicators of agreement or disagreement, and for indicators of such characteristics as trends. The fourth approach compares the correlation or covariation structures of variables that raters use to describe objects, behaviors, or individuals. These structures can be compared for two or more raters. All of these methods operate at the level of observed variables.This book is intended as a reference for researchers and practitioners who describe and evaluate objects and behavior in a number of fields, including the social and behavioral sciences, statistics, medicine, business, and education. It also serves as a useful text for graduate-level methods or assessment classes found in departments of psychology, education, epidemiology, biostatistics, public health, communication, advertising and marketing, and sociology. Exposure to regression analysis and log-linear modeling is helpful.
By Robert Cialdini. 2009
The author of the legendary bestseller Influence, social psychologist Robert Cialdini shines a light on effective persuasion and reveals that…the secret doesn't lie in the message itself, but in the key moment before that message is delivered.What separates effective communicators from truly successful persuaders? Using the same combination of rigorous scientific research and accessibility that made his Influence an iconic bestseller, Robert Cialdini explains how to capitalize on the essential window of time before you deliver an important message. This "privileged moment for change" prepares people to be receptive to a message before they experience it. Optimal persuasion is achieved only through optimal pre-suasion. In other words, to change "minds" a pre-suader must also change "states of mind." His first solo work in over thirty years, Cialdini's Pre-Suasion draws on his extensive experience as the most cited social psychologist of our time and explains the techniques a person should implement to become a master persuader. Altering a listener's attitudes, beliefs, or experiences isn't necessary, says Cialdini--all that's required is for a communicator to redirect the audience's focus of attention before a relevant action. From studies on advertising imagery to treating opiate addiction, from the annual letters of Berkshire Hathaway to the annals of history, Cialdini draws on an array of studies and narratives to outline the specific techniques you can use on online marketing campaigns and even effective wartime propaganda. He illustrates how the artful diversion of attention leads to successful pre-suasion and gets your targeted audience primed and ready to say, "Yes."
By Allan H. Goodman. 2005
BASIC SKILLS FOR THE NEW MEDIATOR provides a detailed overview of mediation, from the premediation conference through all stages of…the mediation session. It guides the new mediator through the mediation process by answering the one hundred questions most frequently asked by new mediators. BASIC SKILLS FOR THE NEW MEDIATOR has been used successfully for self-instruction and as a training manual. Experienced mediators and attorneys who represent clients in mediation will also find this book extremely useful. The Appendix "Everything You Never Wanted to Know About the Rules of Evidence" is especially valuable for the non-attorney mediator, who must often deal with the evidentiary vocabulary of the legal profession. You will learn to establish your authority as a mediator, schedule the mediation session, deliver the mediator's opening statement, prioritize issues, preside during joint sessions, conduct private caucuses, overcome impasses, identify "hidden agenda" and "throwaway" items, deal with parties who lack settlement authority, and aid parties to achieve a viable settlement.
By Louise Spear-Swerling. 2015
This one-of-a-kind text explains why RTI is today's best approach for preventing reading difficulties—and how research on reading profiles can…enhance the power of RTI. For practitioners, the book provides a complete, evidence-based blueprint for using RTI and reading profiles in tandem to plan effective core literacy instruction and help struggling readers in Grades K-6, whether they have disabilities or issues related to experience (e.g., ELLs, children from poverty backgrounds). For researchers and policymakers, the book describes ways to help ensure higher reading achievement for every student, including improvements in core reading instruction, use of RTI practices and the Common Core State Standards, and teacher preparation.
By A. J. Drenth. 2013
This book offers in-depth descriptions and analyses of each of the 16 personality types. Each personality profile contains an introduction,…an examination of type development over the lifespan, and detailed explorations of the type’s personality functions and inner struggles.
By Bradley Erford. 2020
Concise, yet thorough, 45 Techniques Every Counselor Should Know is designed to prepare students to enter their field with sound…ideas for applying theory-based techniques to their counseling. Coverage of each technique starts with the presentation of the theoretical origins, then provides a step-by-step guide to implementation, and culminates with opportunities for application. Transcriptions, case examples, multicultural implications, and outcomes-based research demonstrate real-life application of how the techniques can be used in counseling practice. This indispensable resource provides hands-on help for working with clients from all backgrounds to create positive changes in their lives and meet their counseling goals. <p><p> The 3rd Edition features new case studies and application questions and five new techniques detailed in new chapters on Mindfulness Meditation (Ch. 17); Assigning Homework (Ch. 29); Narrative Theory (Ch. 43); Strengths-Based Counseling (Ch. 44); and Client Advocacy (Ch. 45).
By Bruce E. Wampold, Barry L. Duncan, Scott D. Miller, Mark A. Hubble. 2010
Updating the classic first edition of The Heart and Soul of Change, editors Duncan, Miller, Wampold, and Hubble, have created…a new and enriched volume that presents the most recent research on what works in therapeutic practice, a thorough analysis of this research, and practical guidance on how a therapist can truly 'deliver what works in therapy'. This volume examines the common factors underlying effective psychotherapy and brings the psychotherapist and the client-therapist relationship back into focus as key determinants of psychotherapy outcome. The second edition of The Heart and Soul of Change also demonstrates the power of systematic client feedback to improve effectiveness and efficiency and legitimize psychotherapy services to third party payers. In this way, psychotherapy is implemented one person at a time, based on that unique individual's perceptions of the progress and fit of the therapy and therapist. Readers familiar with the first edition will encounter the same pragmatic focus but with a larger breadth of coverage - this edition adds chapters on both youth psychotherapy and substance abuse treatment.
By Judith Van Hoorn, Patricia Monighan Nourot, Barbara Scales, Keith Rodriguez Alward. 2015
The leading text in the field, Play at the Center of the Curriculum seamlessly combines the features of a text…on play and development with the features of an early childhood curriculum text to present a comprehensive, cogent rationale for placing play at the center of a balanced curriculum. Ideal for those who want to engage children in a developmental zone where children and teachers are learning from and with each other, the authors put play at the center of a balanced curriculum that includes spontaneous, guided, and directed play as well as teacher planned instruction. They describe how knowledgeable teachers use a wide repertoire of strategies to orchestrate the flow from spontaneous play to guided play, to more subject oriented instruction, and back to play. This thoroughly updated Sixth Edition interweaves anecdotes of children’s play, theories of play and development, empirical evidence from research, and practical instructional strategies to give students a clear look at play and the curriculum.
By Erich Neumann. 1994
These essays by the famous analytical psychologist and student of creativity Erich Neumann belong in the context of the depth…psychology of culture and reveal a prescient concern about the one-sidedness of patriarchal Western civilization. Neumann recommended a "cultural therapy" that he thought would redress a "fundamental ignorance" about feminine and masculine psychology, and he looked for societal healing to a "matriarchal consciousness" that forms the bridge between the feminine and the creative. Brought together here for the first time, the essays in the book discuss the psychological stages of woman's development, the moon and matriarchal consciousness, Mozart's Magic Flute, the meaning of the earth archetype for modern times, and the fear of the feminine. In Mozart's fantastic world, Neumann saw a true Auseinandersetzung--the conflict and coming-to-terms with each other of the matriarchal and the patriarchal worlds. Developing such a synthesis of the feminine and the masculine in the psychic reality of the individual and of the collective was, he argued, one of the fundamental, future-oriented tasks of both the society and the individual.
By Joseph Anthony. 1999
By Namkee G Choi. 2001
Discover intervention strategies for issues affecting Asian Americans!This important book examines the childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, and aging stages of…Asian Americans to help researchers and practitioners offer better services to this ethnic group. Psychosocial Aspects of the Asian-American Experience will help you understand the ethnic and cultural diversity within the Asian-American population and offers both quantitative and qualitative research that may impact social policies and social services for Asian Americans.Representing Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, Asian Indians, Vietnamese, Hmong, Cambodians, and native-born Hawaiians, this helpful book covers a wide span of individual ethnic identities in order to represent the scope of the Asian-American subculture.The topics and problems examined in Psychosocial Aspects of the Asian-American Experience include: ethnic identity, acculturation, and cultural orientation psychological adjustment of adoptees attitudes and behavior of adolescents regarding academic achievement social network composition depression and other mental health problems dating violence and domestic abuse substance abuse aging In addition to analyzing these problems, this book also presents culturally competent intervention strategies to assist human services practitioners in offering their clients relevant services that are appropriate for their ethnic backgrounds, beliefs, and experiences. This book is also a valuable resource for researchers, policymakers, and graduate students and faculty members in the areas of social work, sociology, psychology, and ethnic studies.